The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a chronic degenerative disease of man affecting the small spinal joints. Spondylarthrosis generally develops in the lumbar or cervical segments of the spine, often simultaneously with spondylosis.

The development of spondylarthrosis is preceded by injuries or chronic microtraumas to the spine, by spinal strain, and by metabolic disorders, especially in the elderly. Changes first appear in articular cartilage, which loses its elasticity. The disease then spreads to the articular capsule and periarthric parts of the bone, resulting in the formation of bony spinous processes. Spondylarthrosis is manifested by pain in the spine and limited mobility in the affected spinal parts. Roentgenologic examination is important in diagnosing spondylarthrosis. The disease may be prevented by strengthening spinal muscles and by eliminating the strain on the spine produced, for example, by lifting heavy objects. Treatment includes physical therapy, sanatorium-health resort treatment, dietetic treatment, the use of B complex vitamins, and injections of vitreous body. Corsets and various types of traction provide temporary relief for the spine.


Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po ortopedii i travmatologii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Pathologic findings in a zebu with spongiform encephalopathy, Switzerland, 2004 Site Finding Vertebral column Severe degeneration of intervertebral discs with ankylosing spondylarthrosis Joints of extremities Degenerative joint disease Liver Biliary cysts (affecting 60% of the liver) Kidney Tubular cysts; mild interstitial nephritis with glomerulosclerosis and tubular atrophy Urinary bladder Multiple papillomas Abdominal cavity Multiple foci of fat necrosis Cardiovascular system Mild coronary arteriosclerosis; mild valvular endocardiosis (mitral valve) Mediastinal lymph nodes Focal metastatic neuroendocrine tumor (origin unknown) Central nervous system Spongiform encephalopathy; metabolic encephalopathy (hepatoencephalopathy) Table 2.
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