Spondylolisthesis


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Related to Spondylolisthesis: spondylolysis, spondylitis

spondylolisthesis

[¦span·də·lō‚lis′thē·səs]
(medicine)
Forward displacement of a vertebra upon the one below as a result of a bilateral defect in the vertebral arch, or erosion of the articular surface of the posterior facets due to degenerative joint disease.

Spondylolisthesis

 

the forward displacement of the spine in man as a result of degenerative changes in an intervertebral disk or spondylolysis (congenital aplasia of a vertebral arch). The displacement of the fifth lumbar vertebra over the sacrum is the most common form of spondylolisthesis. The disease develops slowly over several years; however, it may sometimes appear suddenly after a trauma. Its development is promoted by other diseases of the spine, including spondylosis, by heavy physical labor, and by an increase in body weight. The disease is manifested by pain and limited mobility in the corresponding segment of the spine. Roentgenologic examination is important in diagnosing spondylolisthesis. Treatment is complex and includes special work arrangements, kinesitherapy, and the use of corsets that relieve strain. Osteoplasty is performed if vertebral displacement is pronounced.

References in periodicals archive ?
Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis may present a wide clinical spectrum from an asymptomatic incidental finding to a source of back pain and disability (5).
3D morphometric analysis of laminae and facet joints in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis.
2,3) The key imaging features for high-grade spondylolytic spondylolisthesis are listed in Table 2.
Comparison of one-level minimally invasive and open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in degenerative and isthmic spondylolisthesis grades 1 and 2.
A trial of non-operative treatment is indicated for any spondylosis or spondylolisthesis patient who presents with no neurological compromise or with a stable chronic deficit.
Part 9: fusion in patients with stenosis and spondylolisthesis.
There is a reported two-fold increased incidence in males; however, females are more prone to develop high-grade spondylolisthesis.
11) In this study, we aimed to evaluate the surgical outcome of degenerative spondylolisthesis with neural decompression, pedicular screw fixation, and posterolateral fusion.
X-ray and CT showed L5-S1 instability secondary to low grade spondylolisthesis caused by spondylolysis and severe bilateral osteoarthritis facet joints (Figures 2 and 3).
Spine surgeries are basically recommended to the patients suffering from chronic back pain due to disc herniation; isthmic spondylolisthesis; degenerative diseases, such as degenerative spondylolisthesis, and spinal stenosis; and many others.
However, in this review we focused on the two most common causes of LBP in athletes, namely, degenerative disc disease and spondylolisthesis.
The device is intended for use at either one level or two contiguous levels for the treatment of degenerative disc disease with up to Grade I spondylolisthesis.
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