Spondylolisthesis


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Related to Spondylolisthesis: spondylolysis, spondylitis

spondylolisthesis

[¦span·də·lō‚lis′thē·səs]
(medicine)
Forward displacement of a vertebra upon the one below as a result of a bilateral defect in the vertebral arch, or erosion of the articular surface of the posterior facets due to degenerative joint disease.

Spondylolisthesis

 

the forward displacement of the spine in man as a result of degenerative changes in an intervertebral disk or spondylolysis (congenital aplasia of a vertebral arch). The displacement of the fifth lumbar vertebra over the sacrum is the most common form of spondylolisthesis. The disease develops slowly over several years; however, it may sometimes appear suddenly after a trauma. Its development is promoted by other diseases of the spine, including spondylosis, by heavy physical labor, and by an increase in body weight. The disease is manifested by pain and limited mobility in the corresponding segment of the spine. Roentgenologic examination is important in diagnosing spondylolisthesis. Treatment is complex and includes special work arrangements, kinesitherapy, and the use of corsets that relieve strain. Osteoplasty is performed if vertebral displacement is pronounced.

References in periodicals archive ?
The surgery to correct spondylolisthesis requires a lengthy recuperation.
Dimpling of the skin may signify the presence of spina bifida occulta or a spondylolisthesis. Range of motion should be evaluated and include flexion, extension, and rotation of the lower lumbar spine, as well as the standing one-legged lumbar extension maneuver.
He underwent a VA physical examination and was assigned a 10% disability rating for spondylolisthesis from the date he reopened his claim.
This study identified multiple associations in patients with a primary diagnosis of spondylolysis, the most common being spondylolisthesis (27.8%).
The Americas acquires a majority of the market share for the global thoracolumbar spine device owing to the increasing geriatric population along with the rising incidence of spinal disorders such as herniated disc in neck, degenerative disc disease, and spondylolisthesis. It has been estimated that the market will witness growth in the region throughout the forecast period due to the growing demand for thoracolumbar spine devices to treat prolapsed intervertebral disc, spinal stenosis, and osteoarthritis in the region.
These advantages are particularly important in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis and concomitant structural pathology such as degenerative spondylolisthesis and scoliosis.
Many studies have identified the relationship between degenerative spondylolisthesis and impaired spinopelvic balance.
The patients were divided into stenosis and spondylolisthesis groups according to degenerative spondylolisthesis.
Indications included chronic, severe, disabling lumbar spine keyboard degenerative low back pain with or without radiculopathy; once less lumbar spondylolisthesis; reoperation after discectomy; lumbar spondylolysis without slippage; lumbar instability Caused by low back and leg pain; lumbar instability caused by lumbar and leg pain; ineffective after long-term conservative treatment.
The Mazor XO system will assist spine surgeons in the treatment of many spine conditions including curvature of the spine (scoliosis), herniated discs, vertebral fractures, traumatic spine injury, degenerative disc disease, spinal weakness or instability, spinal tumors, slipped disc (spondylolisthesis) and narrowing of the spinal canal (stenosis).
Subsequent examinations, however, showed a substantial spondylolisthesis and disc herniation at L3-4.
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