Sporocarp


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sporocarp

[′spȯr·ə‚kärp]
(botany)
Any multicellular structure in or on which spores are formed.

Sporocarp

 

the sporebearing receptacle of aquatic ferns. In Salvinia the sporocarp is a sorus of either microsporangia or macrosporangia, which is clad in a double indusium and is borne on the part of the leaf that is immersed in the water. The sporocarp separates from the leaf and opens as a result of decay of the indu sium. The sporocarp of Marsilea is a cluster of sori that consist of both microsporangia and macrosporangia; the wall of the sporocarp is formed by two leaflets of the sporebearing segment of a leaf that have closed up as a result of the fusing of outgrowths. The sporocarp opens along the line of concrescence of the leaflets owing to the swelling of the cartilaginous tissue to which the sori are attached.

References in periodicals archive ?
Productivity and community structure of ectomycorrhizal fungal sporocarps under increased atmospheric C02 and 03.
When possible, macrofungi were identified to the species rank in the field; however, when species could not be determined, sporocarps were collected and identified to the lowest identifiable taxon rank.
Fungal sporocarp losses of Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, N, P, and Zn from conifer logs in the early stages of decomposition.
psittacorum flowers, exhibit a ribbon-shaped pedicle varying in the shape of the sporotheca (fuse-shaped, egg-shaped and subcleaved) and in the total height of the sporocarp. Fructifications were scarce, with 1 to 7 sporocarps per specimens, hindering identification, a fact also observed by many authors that employ the moist chamber technique.
The effects of thinning and broadcast burning on sporocarp production of hypogeous fungi.
Our results emphasized that ectomycorrhizal fungal surveys based upon sporocarp censuses may be particularly poor indicators of the ectomycorrhizal fungal community actually colonizing plant root systems in arid environments.
Seasonal hypogeous sporocarp production in a western Oregon Douglas-fir stand.
nilotica into its own subgenus on the bases that it has the unique habit of producing sporocarps in fours, that it has a chromosome number of 2n = 52 (whereas A.
Although Dowding (1959) proposed that rodents inadvertently ingest spores by eating insects that have consumed spores (e.g., Rabatin and Stinner 1991), evidence suggests that rodents deliberately consume glomalean fungus sporocarps. VAM fungi may facilitate and promote rodent mycophagy by forming sporocarps and sporocarp aggregations at the soil surface, by emitting attractive odors from sporocarps, and by providing a nutritional reward (see Gerdemann and Trappe 1974).
The identification of the fungal symbiont as Suillus himalayensis was confirmed by Internal Transcribed Spacer of ribosomal DNA (ITS rDNA) sequence comparison between mycorrhizas and sporocarps. Sporocarps were matched with published data available from India, where it was first time reported.