Sporocarp

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sporocarp

[′spȯr·ə‚kärp]
(botany)
Any multicellular structure in or on which spores are formed.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sporocarp

 

the sporebearing receptacle of aquatic ferns. In Salvinia the sporocarp is a sorus of either microsporangia or macrosporangia, which is clad in a double indusium and is borne on the part of the leaf that is immersed in the water. The sporocarp separates from the leaf and opens as a result of decay of the indu sium. The sporocarp of Marsilea is a cluster of sori that consist of both microsporangia and macrosporangia; the wall of the sporocarp is formed by two leaflets of the sporebearing segment of a leaf that have closed up as a result of the fusing of outgrowths. The sporocarp opens along the line of concrescence of the leaflets owing to the swelling of the cartilaginous tissue to which the sori are attached.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ectomycorrhizal community structure in xeric Quercus woodland based on rDNA sequence analysis of sporocarps and pooled roots.
DNA was extracted from dried sporocarps andectomycorrhizae (ECM) using the enzymatic digestion andglassfibre filtration (EDGF) protocol in Dentinger et al.(2010).
Previous authors (Dix and Webster, 1995) have suggested that terrestrial macrofungi likely use changes in ambient soil temperature as a cue to initiate production of sporocarps, with peak fruitings in response to local precipitation events.
Floating aquatic, roots absent; leaves 3, dimorphic, 2 green, sessile, entire, floating and I finely dissected, petiolate, rootlike, submerged; sporocarps chainlike on submerged leaf.
'Isolation of fungal cellobiohydrolase I genes from sporocarps and forest soils by PCR', Applied and environmental microbiology, 2008; 74: 3481-89.
During the harvest of conifer cones and creation of cone caches, Red Squirrels may also collect fruiting bodies (sporocarps) of mushrooms and deposit them in trees for drying, caching, and later consumption.
These characteristics, frequently associated with the presence of extrafloral nectaries that favor the development of yeasts and bacteria (Ruivo et al., 2006), and to a long flowering period, allow for the development of plasmodia and sporocarps in inflorescences that are still attached to the living plant (Schnittler and Stephenson, 2002).
alba is reported as ectomycorrhizal host for Suilus cibiricus (Sarwar et al.2011).Most of the studies in Pakistan depend on the counts of fungal sporocarps rather than assessing the ectomycorrhizal symbionts actually colonizing roots of trees (Jabeen et al.
Of these mycorrhizal types ectomycorrhizal fungi often are considered an ecological guild distinguished by their stable biotropic association with the roots of woody plants and production of macroscopic sporocarps (Luoma et al.
Propagules of AMF (free spores and sporocarps in soil, extrarradical mycelium and colonized roots) establish a mycorrhizal association when they make contact with potential host species roots; propagules availability is influenced by environmental conditions (Guadarrama and Alvarez-Sanchez 1998), and its dynamics has been evaluated through estimation of abundance of spores in soil (Mangan et al.
PILULARIA {pill-yoo-LARE-ee-uh} Linnaeus 1754 * Pillworts * [Latin pilula, referring to the tiny ball-like sporocarps.]