are sexual reproduction structures that are directly connected to the dry condition in the environment, serving as a structure of resistance and dormancy during this stress period.
DNA was extracted from dried sporocarps
andectomycorrhizae (ECM) using the enzymatic digestion andglassfibre filtration (EDGF) protocol in Dentinger et al.
Dead ectomycorrhizal sporocarps
and mycelia are an important source of carbon and SOM to their associated host trees and ecosystems.
Previous authors (Dix and Webster, 1995) have suggested that terrestrial macrofungi likely use changes in ambient soil temperature as a cue to initiate production of sporocarps
, with peak fruitings in response to local precipitation events.
The methodology of observation and collection of sporocarps
and substrates described by Stephenson et al.
In the latter case, RFLP patterns generated from single ectomycorrhizal root tips can be matched to patterns from known fungal sporocarps
, thereby allowing identification of the fungal associate.
were collected from plants in a natural population of Regnellidium diphyllum in the municipality of Gravatai (29[degrees]57'18"S, 51[degrees]1'52"W), in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
Rarely collected with sporocarps
(hard, pea-shaped bodies that contain spores).
nilotica into its own subgenus on the bases that it has the unique habit of producing sporocarps
in fours, that it has a chromosome number of 2n = 52 (whereas A.
gaps in the cumulative fruiting pattern of mapped sporocarps
of ectomycorrhizal fungi were only observed in one of three sites where 30 contiguous trees were killed.
auriculata in conditions of competition for space, such as high density, tended to reduce its life cycle and produced more sporocarps
(Sayder et al.
were collected, dried carefully and brought to laboratory.