Sporocarp

(redirected from Sporocarps)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

sporocarp

[′spȯr·ə‚kärp]
(botany)
Any multicellular structure in or on which spores are formed.

Sporocarp

 

the sporebearing receptacle of aquatic ferns. In Salvinia the sporocarp is a sorus of either microsporangia or macrosporangia, which is clad in a double indusium and is borne on the part of the leaf that is immersed in the water. The sporocarp separates from the leaf and opens as a result of decay of the indu sium. The sporocarp of Marsilea is a cluster of sori that consist of both microsporangia and macrosporangia; the wall of the sporocarp is formed by two leaflets of the sporebearing segment of a leaf that have closed up as a result of the fusing of outgrowths. The sporocarp opens along the line of concrescence of the leaflets owing to the swelling of the cartilaginous tissue to which the sori are attached.

References in periodicals archive ?
2005), sporocarps are sexual reproduction structures that are directly connected to the dry condition in the environment, serving as a structure of resistance and dormancy during this stress period.
DNA was extracted from dried sporocarps andectomycorrhizae (ECM) using the enzymatic digestion andglassfibre filtration (EDGF) protocol in Dentinger et al.
Dead ectomycorrhizal sporocarps and mycelia are an important source of carbon and SOM to their associated host trees and ecosystems.
Previous authors (Dix and Webster, 1995) have suggested that terrestrial macrofungi likely use changes in ambient soil temperature as a cue to initiate production of sporocarps, with peak fruitings in response to local precipitation events.
In the latter case, RFLP patterns generated from single ectomycorrhizal root tips can be matched to patterns from known fungal sporocarps, thereby allowing identification of the fungal associate.
Mature sporocarps were collected from plants in a natural population of Regnellidium diphyllum in the municipality of Gravatai (29[degrees]57'18"S, 51[degrees]1'52"W), in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
nilotica into its own subgenus on the bases that it has the unique habit of producing sporocarps in fours, that it has a chromosome number of 2n = 52 (whereas A.
gaps in the cumulative fruiting pattern of mapped sporocarps of ectomycorrhizal fungi were only observed in one of three sites where 30 contiguous trees were killed.