Sports Psychology

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Psychology, Sports


the branch of psychology that studies and develops the fundamental psychological principles of physical education and sports skills.

Together with an athlete’s physical, technical, and tactical training, psychological training is a major factor in determining the success of performance in competition. Connected with this are the problems of studying the special features of sports as compared to other kinds of activity and of distinguishing the principal psychological functions and personality qualities that play a deciding role in various types of sports. It is also important to elucidate the psychological structure of the skills that must be mastered during instruction and training. The solution of many problems in sports psychology is of general psychological significance. These problems include the problem of effective tactical thinking and group dynamics in team sports and the problem of demonstrating effective means of controlling a person’s psychological state in extreme and stress situations.


Voprosy psikhologii sporta. Moscow, 1955.
Puni, A. Ts. Psikhologicheskaia podgotovka k sorevnovaniiu v sporte. Moscow, 1969.
Problemy psikhologii sporta, issues 1–2,4–6. Moscow, 1960–68.
Rudik, P. A. “Psikhologiia sporta v SSSR za 50 let.” Voprosy psikhologii, 1967, no. 6.


References in periodicals archive ?
Puni's model of volitional preparation of athletes, which dominated Soviet sport psychology during the 1960s and 1970s.
Immediately following the vignette, the athletes were asked to review two different sport psychology treatment descriptions.
offer a guide for graduate students and supervisors that considers issues of training and practice in sport psychology.
The second big event in Soviet sport was winning the right to host the 1980 Olympics in Moscow, which propelled the development of sport and sport psychology to new heights.
He has incorporated the findings of his research in his role as a sport psychology consultant with amateur, professional, Olympic, and Paralympic athletes, and currently works for the United States Olympic Committee as part of its National Team Coach Leader Education Program.
For instance, Dorfman was part of a panel who described their work in professional baseball at the inaugural Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology (AAASP) conference in 1986.
Modern sport psychology requires to [be in tandem] with modern science.
Effective delivery of sport psychology services requires that consideration be given to numerous personal, interpersonal, and situational factors.
This sport psychology textbook outlines major topics in the field and emphasizes those related to optimal performance.
On the contrary, it is the view of people working in sport psychology that psychological skills can be taught.

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