Sports Competition

Sports Competition

 

a contest held to determine the best athletes and teams and greatest achievements in sports, to improve athletic skills, and to popularize physical culture and sports. Sports competitions provide an opportunity to evaluate objectively the sports organizations, coaches, athletes, and officials.

International sports competitions are an important means of strengthening friendship and mutual understanding among athletes of different countries. World sports competitions include the Olympic Games, the World Student Games, world championships and world cups, and specialized Olympiads, for example, in chess. They also include continental championships, cups, and national games and competitions. Competitions may be held in a single sport or in various sports, for example in the Olympic Games, World Student Games, and Spartakiads, including Spartakiads of Friendly Armies and Spartakiads of the Peoples of the USSR.

Depending on the purposes and circumstances of the events, sports competitions may involve individual competition, team competition, or a combination of the two. Official competitions for the title of champion, a cup, or other prize are distinguished from qualifying competitions, which determine the eligibility of participants for the main event, and exhibition matches, including traditional competitions, such as track and field meets between the USSR and the USA.

A sports competition may be conducted as a round robin, that is, a contest in which all participants compete against one another once or several times and the points won by each entrant are totaled. It may be conducted on the basis of elimination, by which losers are disqualified, or as a combination of the round robin and the elimination system.

Separate competitions are held for men and women, with the exception of equestrian sports and certain sports demonstrating specific technical skills. Separate competitions are also held for adults, juniors, and children. Some sports, for example, tennis and table tennis, allow for competition by mixed doubles, and men and women compete together in pairs figure skating and ice dancing. Sports competitions are regulated by appropriate official rules, which determine the requirements for participants, judges, sports facilities, and equipment, as well as the conditions and procedures for determining winners and results. Officials see that the rules established for sports competitions are followed and that proper results are recorded.

A. I. KOLESOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Addressing the closing ceremony, DCO Irfan Nawaz Mamon said that sports competition encourage the young players to improve their skills, more such competitions will be organized in future.
Summary: Balrampur (Chhattisgarh) [India], March 1 (ANI): The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports organised a sports competition under 'Khelo India Scheme' for differently-abled students at a school in Balrampur, on Wednesday.
Officials said that students who have won accolades at National and International level sports competition will not be required to give trails for the admission under the quota.
Jonas Garcia, a high school athlete, suffered internal bleeding after a boxing match in a regional sports competition and died on Sunday.
And although the sports competition ended, the dispute concerning the desert issue between Morocco and South Africa actually increased.
ESSA secretary-general Khalid Ali said: "The Olympics are the most prestigious sports competition in the world and it is vitally important that the betting industry works hand in hand with the IOC to keep its competitions clean and free from potential manipulation.
KABUL (PAN): A three-day sports competition organised in connection with the International Day of Peace and Eid-ul-Fitr was concluded in this provincial capital of the eastern Nuristan province on Wednesday.
PUPILS have been shortlisted for a sports competition.
military veterans who use wheelchairs for sports competition after having suffered spinal cord injuries, certain neurological conditions, amputations or other mobility impairments.
Featured will be bands including Nevadasky, prizes and school-supply giveaways, games, pizza, sports competition and free hairstyling and makeup.
The Winter Games will be the world's largest organized sports competition for children and adults with mental retardation.
Caffeine has been tolerated in sports competition so far because it is readily available, medically safe, socially acceptable, and except for very high doses, legal.