Sports Psychology

Also found in: Medical.

Psychology, Sports


the branch of psychology that studies and develops the fundamental psychological principles of physical education and sports skills.

Together with an athlete’s physical, technical, and tactical training, psychological training is a major factor in determining the success of performance in competition. Connected with this are the problems of studying the special features of sports as compared to other kinds of activity and of distinguishing the principal psychological functions and personality qualities that play a deciding role in various types of sports. It is also important to elucidate the psychological structure of the skills that must be mastered during instruction and training. The solution of many problems in sports psychology is of general psychological significance. These problems include the problem of effective tactical thinking and group dynamics in team sports and the problem of demonstrating effective means of controlling a person’s psychological state in extreme and stress situations.


Voprosy psikhologii sporta. Moscow, 1955.
Puni, A. Ts. Psikhologicheskaia podgotovka k sorevnovaniiu v sporte. Moscow, 1969.
Problemy psikhologii sporta, issues 1–2,4–6. Moscow, 1960–68.
Rudik, P. A. “Psikhologiia sporta v SSSR za 50 let.” Voprosy psikhologii, 1967, no. 6.


References in periodicals archive ?
Sports Psychology helped me to become mentally tough when preparing and during competitions," she shared.
Physical trainers and coaches are responsible for utilizing the fundamentals of sports psychology because it can assist and influence positive behavioral and emotional outcomes.
Gold performance package clients receive world-class fitness, nutritional, sports psychology and sports medical assessments usually reserved for pro-level athletes while Silver level clients focus on performance assessments only.
Leisha Strachan from the University of Manitoba in Canada is conducting the course, which brings many aspects of sports psychology and emphasizes positive phycologist development of the youth.
The partnership will include the players studying BTEC level 1,2 and 3 in sport at Eirias Park, Colwyn Bay including areas such as sports science, sports management, sports psychology and physiotherapy.
MERSEYSIDE-BASED cricket initiative Opening Up have teamed up with the sports psychology group POP to host a ground-breaking workshop aimed at improving cricketers' performance and resilience.
"The Chicago Cubs and the Headshrinker: An Early Foray into Sports Psychology," Baseball Research Journal, 40(1) (2011): 42-5.
"[Getting angry on court] is the worse that can happen [to a player] if the player argues with other players or the referees, or the player is upset by his performance and puts himself off the optimal zone," says Dubai-based psychologist Martin Kramar, who also specialises in sports psychology. "Thoughts have huge power for cells and immunity and negative thoughts or fears eliminate the performance.
Naveed Babar and Qurat: ul: Ain delivered the lectures and educated participants about coaching aspects of athletics such as coaching philosophy, anatomy and physiology, growth and development, skill teaching, bio: motor abilities, components of fitness, sensitive phases, energy system, sports psychology and sports injuries.
SPORTS psychology is probably one of the most misunderstood aspects of athletes' preparation in the country.
In fact, Rushall (1989) stated that sports psychology was the key to sporting excellence.
Sports psychology experts and mental training coaches can help both fitness enthusiasts and athletes reach the next level, develop skills for training and relaxation.