Sports School

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Sports School


a specialized educational and training institution for preparing highly skilled athletes. There are three principal types of sports schools in the USSR: juvenile sports schools, specialized juvenile Olympic schools (both are outside the regular school system), and schools of higher sports skills. Sports schools are set up under the ministries of education and railroads, committees on physical culture and sports, trade unions, and other organizations and government departments.

The first sports schools for children were established in Moscow, Tbilisi, and Kiev in 1934; they were followed by schools in Leningrad, Rostov-on-Don, Tashkent, and other cities. In 1940 there were 262 sports schools; the number had risen to 721 in 1953, to 2,772 in 1966 and to 4,704 in 1975. This last figure includes 4,069 juvenile sports schools, 563 specialized juvenile Olympic schools, and 71 schools of higher sports skills. The three types of schools employed (1975) approximately 50,000 coaches and trainers and had a total enrollment of more than 1.6 million students. In 1975 the schools of higher sports skills had 400 international-class masters of sport and more than 14,000 masters of sport and candidates for this title. Each year more than 600 students from the juvenile sports schools and Olympic schools pass the requirements to become masters of sport.

Coaches and trainers at sports schools include the following honored coaches of the USSR and honored masters of sport: V. I. Alekseev, A. V. Azarian, V. A. Brezhnev, A. I. Cherny-shev, V. D. Dmitriev, V. N. Engibarian, R. V. Knysh, V. P. Kondrashin, I. I. Manaenko, K. N. Morozov, I. A. Novikov, D. I. Pozniak, V. S. Rastorotskii, Iu. E. Shtukman, P. N. Shu-bin, G. N. Urbanovich, A. N. Vinogradov, and S. A. Zhuk. Students who have been granted the title of honored master of sport include N. E. Andrianov, N. V. Avilov, V. F. Borzov, V. N. Brumel’, V. B. Kharlamov, V. G. Kurentsov, E. V. Petushkova, V. D. Saneev, I. A. Ter-Ovanesian, V. A. Tret’iak, L. I. Turi-shcheva, V. A. Vasin, and M. Ia. Voronin.

Well-known sports schools include the track and field and swimming schools in Leningrad, the boxing school in Yerevan, the schools of gymnastics in Voronezh, Vitebsk, and Tbilisi, the rowing school in Novgorod, the fencing school in Minsk, and the track and field, hockey, and figure skating schools in Moscow.

Many countries have sports schools of various organizational formats for children and youths. Several socialist countries have boarding institutions that combine sports training with general education on the secondary school level. Sports schools, sections, and groups in the capitalist countries are usually set up by sports clubs.


References in periodicals archive ?
During the three-day tournament, more than 100 gymnasts are participating in the competitions representing "Ojag Sport" Club, Baku Gymnastics School, Republican Complex Sports School, "AyUlduz" Club, Sarhadchi Sports Olympic Center, Aquatic Palace, Zabrat Sport Club, Gymkids Club, Sports Society of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Zira Cultural Center as well as Sumgait, Ganja, Mingachevir cities and Shaghan settlement.
The tournament is held in the building of the Specialized Children and Youth Sports School of the Olympic Reserve on weightlifting, the State Agency for Youth Affairs, Physical Culture and Sports reports.
'The model of the school will mirror that of the sports school where they gather future national athletes.
The agreement to support and improve school sports activities was signed by H E Dr Hamoud bin Khalfan al Harthi, Undersecretary of the Ministry of Education and Curriculum, chairman of Oman Sports School Association, and Sayyid Khalid bin Hamed bin Hamoud al Busaidi, chairman of the Board of Directors of the Sabco Group.
St Serf's won the Primary Sports School of the Year, for those who have "enhanced sporting provision" - while Airdrie neighbours Tollbrae were also nominated in the same category.
For this extensive work, every District 211 school has achieved the Safe Sports School Award from the National Athletic Trainers' Association.
Winners on the evening included: | Year 3/4 sports team of the year - Acklam Whin Cricket Team |Year 5/6 sports team of the year - Whinney Banks Indoor Athletics Team |Innovative sports project of the year - Sunnyside Sports Festival |Out of school sports achievement award - Thomas McDermott U11 District Football Team |Most improved sports school of the year - Ayresome | Sports School of the year - Pallister Park |Female sports Personality of the year - Lillie Mae Jeffrey |Male sports Personality of the year - Ezra Amadi-Emina.
Debates about the continued relevance of the sports school system began to emerge around the time of the Beijing 2008 Olympics, Huang and others said, as emerging tales of difficulties facing retired athletes jarred against rising expectations of education standards among China's booming middle class.
and Fundacion Real Madrid in their Social Sports School program for 280 indigent children from Batangas and Central Azucarera de La Carlota, Negros Occidental.
BOC board member and Bahrain Weightlifting and Bodybuilding Federation president Shaikh Abdulla bin Rashid Al Khalifa revealed the sports school plans yesterday on the sidelines of the 56th International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport and Dance (ICHPER.SD) World Congress held at the Crowne Plaza Hotel in Manama.
The organization is now giving Safe Sports School awards to districts that have taken steps to ensure the wellbeing of their student athletes.