Sports School

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Sports School


a specialized educational and training institution for preparing highly skilled athletes. There are three principal types of sports schools in the USSR: juvenile sports schools, specialized juvenile Olympic schools (both are outside the regular school system), and schools of higher sports skills. Sports schools are set up under the ministries of education and railroads, committees on physical culture and sports, trade unions, and other organizations and government departments.

The first sports schools for children were established in Moscow, Tbilisi, and Kiev in 1934; they were followed by schools in Leningrad, Rostov-on-Don, Tashkent, and other cities. In 1940 there were 262 sports schools; the number had risen to 721 in 1953, to 2,772 in 1966 and to 4,704 in 1975. This last figure includes 4,069 juvenile sports schools, 563 specialized juvenile Olympic schools, and 71 schools of higher sports skills. The three types of schools employed (1975) approximately 50,000 coaches and trainers and had a total enrollment of more than 1.6 million students. In 1975 the schools of higher sports skills had 400 international-class masters of sport and more than 14,000 masters of sport and candidates for this title. Each year more than 600 students from the juvenile sports schools and Olympic schools pass the requirements to become masters of sport.

Coaches and trainers at sports schools include the following honored coaches of the USSR and honored masters of sport: V. I. Alekseev, A. V. Azarian, V. A. Brezhnev, A. I. Cherny-shev, V. D. Dmitriev, V. N. Engibarian, R. V. Knysh, V. P. Kondrashin, I. I. Manaenko, K. N. Morozov, I. A. Novikov, D. I. Pozniak, V. S. Rastorotskii, Iu. E. Shtukman, P. N. Shu-bin, G. N. Urbanovich, A. N. Vinogradov, and S. A. Zhuk. Students who have been granted the title of honored master of sport include N. E. Andrianov, N. V. Avilov, V. F. Borzov, V. N. Brumel’, V. B. Kharlamov, V. G. Kurentsov, E. V. Petushkova, V. D. Saneev, I. A. Ter-Ovanesian, V. A. Tret’iak, L. I. Turi-shcheva, V. A. Vasin, and M. Ia. Voronin.

Well-known sports schools include the track and field and swimming schools in Leningrad, the boxing school in Yerevan, the schools of gymnastics in Voronezh, Vitebsk, and Tbilisi, the rowing school in Novgorod, the fencing school in Minsk, and the track and field, hockey, and figure skating schools in Moscow.

Many countries have sports schools of various organizational formats for children and youths. Several socialist countries have boarding institutions that combine sports training with general education on the secondary school level. Sports schools, sections, and groups in the capitalist countries are usually set up by sports clubs.


References in periodicals archive ?
1, 3, 6, 7, as well as in the sports complex, the children's library, the Olimp Sports School, the Fakel MC and the Yamal Center.
President of the Children's and Youth Sports School of Olympic Reserve Bakhtiyar Bokoyev attended the ceremony.
Athletes representing Azerbaijan's Republican Complex Sports School, Baku Gymnastics School, Ojag and Start sport clubs, as well as Water Sports Palace are taking part in the competitions.
Winners on the evening included: | Year 3/4 sports team of the year - Acklam Whin Cricket Team |Year 5/6 sports team of the year - Whinney Banks Indoor Athletics Team |Innovative sports project of the year - Sunnyside Sports Festival |Out of school sports achievement award - Thomas McDermott U11 District Football Team |Most improved sports school of the year - Ayresome | Sports School of the year - Pallister Park |Female sports Personality of the year - Lillie Mae Jeffrey |Male sports Personality of the year - Ezra Amadi-Emina.
1 Children's Sports School Pudong New Area, a small cog in a state-run machine that has churned out Chinese Olympic champions for 3 1/2 decades.
THOUSANDS of youngsters from 50 schools took part in the 2016 County Durham Sports School Games.
and Fundacion Real Madrid in their Social Sports School program for 280 indigent children from Batangas and Central Azucarera de La Carlota, Negros Occidental.
Sophie Evans, from Ken-fig Hill, and Morgan Carter, from Porthcawl, both 16, got through tough trials for places at elite sports school Charnwood College in Leicester.
World Cup of the Central Asian Equestrian League took place in Bishkek on 22-24 May on the basis of the Children's and Youth Sports School of Olympic Reserve, the press service of the State Agency for Physical Culture and Sports told AKIpress.
BOC board member and Bahrain Weightlifting and Bodybuilding Federation president Shaikh Abdulla bin Rashid Al Khalifa revealed the sports school plans yesterday on the sidelines of the 56th International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport and Dance (ICHPER.
The organization is now giving Safe Sports School awards to districts that have taken steps to ensure the wellbeing of their student athletes.
The promising youngster, who boasts a handicap of five, will be leaving Bahrain in November to take up a place at the prestigious Singapore Sports School, where she expects to carry on competing in local and regional golf tournaments while also completing her secondary school education.