Sprats


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sprats

 

the general name for small commercial fishes of the family Clupeidae. They belong to the genera Sprattus and Clupeonella. The body measures up to 17 cm long. Species of the genus Clupeonella, in contrast to those of Sprattus, have a sharp keel on their abdomen, and the two terminal rays of their anal fin are elongated. One species of the genus Sprattus, Sprattussprattus, is found in the waters of the USSR; it comprises two subspecies, the Baltic sprat (Sprattus s. balticus) and the Black Sea sprat (Sprattus s. phalerius). Four species of the genus Clupeonella are found in the waters of the USSR—the tiul’ka, or tyulka (Clupeonella delicatula), the anchovy-like tiul’ka (C. engrauliformis), the bigeye tiul’ka (C. grimmi), and the Abrau sardelle (C. abrau). The tiul’ka has two subspecies, the Caspian tiul’ka C. delicatula caspia and the Black Sea tiul’ka C. delicatula delicatula. All sprats move in schools and feed on plankton. The roe are pelagic. Sprats are used as food in smoked, salted, and spiced and salted form; they are also canned (sprats and anchovies in oil).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
As announced at the Budget Speech, an also decided by the Cabinet meeting held on this week and also the special Cost of Living Committee chaired by the Hon Prime Minister, the government has decided to subsidize essential food items such as Sugar, Dhal, Big Onion, Sprats, Dried Chilies, Potato, Canned Fish, and Milk Powder with immediate effect if necessary.
Layer half of the onion and potato mixture in the bottom of an ovenproof dish (20 x 30cm), then top with half the sprat fillets placed at even intervals.
Additionally, a product called "Sprotid" which is a traditional product in Estonia, can contain both sprat (Sprattus sprattus) and Baltic herring (Clupea harengus membras) depending on the season and availability.
The Patagonian sprat (Sprattus fuegensis) is a small pelagic clupeid with a similar spatial distribution in both the South Pacific and Atlantic Ocean.
Ingredients 2kg (5 medium) floury baking potatoes, peeled and thinly sliced; 4 large cloves garlic, minced; 2 onions, peeled and sliced very thinly; 275ml single cream, 100ml full milk 100ml double cream 2x125g tins Swedish sprats (or 1 tin anchovies), drained 2 handfuls fresh white breadcrumbs A pinch of allspice.
The consultations will be about: the modalities of the management of the seven jointly managed stocks in the North Sea (cod, haddock, plaice, whiting, herring, mackerel and saithe); the modalities of the management of jointly managed stocks in the Skagerrak and the Kattegat (cod, haddock, whiting, plaice, mackerel, shrimp, herring and sprat); the re-examination of long-term management for cod and herring; the improvement of the provisional management plan for whiting; and, lastly, the agreements on reciprocal quota exchanges.
However, quite often all this rulemaking does not result from the drive of the Eurocrats (who are a well-educated and energetic lot), but from lobbies in industry, in case of agriculture probably from traders and processors, who want some standardisation so that, for instance, when they buy herring for pickling or canning they do get proper herrings and not an ill-assorted lot of scrawny sprats. And see the recent proposals for a mandatory yearly inspection of mopeds, scooters etc.
They're fishing-nets, scooping sprats and tiddlers out of a stream or the gleaming trout that startled the air when you threw it back.
A giant monument to canned fish has been unveiled in Latvia to celebrate its status as the world's largest sprats producer.
It includes squid, salmon, sardines, skate, coley, sprats, roe, three types of prawn - gambon, tiger and Greenland - mackerel, turbot, dorada, haddock, cod, sea bass, scallops, lobsters and live crabs.
Sarah Money, of the NTS, said puffins were struggling to find sand eels, herring or sprats.
The Parnu-based frozen food company specializes in filleting and processing freshwater fish, as well as packing other species including Baltic Herring, Sprats, Cod and Eel.