Sprattus


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Sprattus

 

a genus of small marine fish of the family Clupeidae. Sprats measure up to 13–18 cm in length and weigh up to 10–12 g. Sexual maturity is reached at one to two years of age; the life-span is five to six years. Sprats feed on tiny Zooplankton. The USSR has one species, Sprattus sprattus, which is found in the North and Baltic seas. The subspecies S. sprattus phalericus, which is smaller, inhabits the Mediterranean and Black Seas; these serve as food for predatory birds and dolphins. Sprats are also found near Australia, around New Zealand, and on the Patagonian Shelf.

The term “sprats” is sometimes used for many kinds of canned fish. Canned sprats were initially prepared only from the Baltic sprat, a subspecies of 5. sprattus. Later, the tiulka, Baltic herring, herring fry, and other small fish came to be canned as sprats.

REFERENCE

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
Actividad reproductiva y longitud de madurez de sardina austral Sprattus fuegensis en el mar interior de Chiloe, Chile.
Estudio de edad y crecimiento de la sardina fueguina (Sprattus fuegensis) en las costas de la provincia de Santa Cruz e Islas Malvinas.
Estimacion de parametros poblacionales del efectivo de sardina fueguina (Sprattus fuegensis) de la costa continental argentina.
Estudio sobre los huevos y larvas de la sardine fueguina Sprattus fuegensis y de Maurolicus muelleri, hallados en aguas adyacentes al sector patag onico argentino.
Taxa Media DE Mediana Dominancia (%) Sprattus fueguensis 946,60 2613,10 21,54 64,60 Maurolicus parvipinnis 246,70 267,90 126,85 28,06 Merluccius australis 63,07 165,89 11,94 3,35 Normanichthys crockeri 15,87 - 15,87 0,06 Genypterus blacodes 7,47 0,51 7,54 0,08 Macroronus magellanicus 6,47 1,80 6,47 0,05 Lampanyctodes hectoris 4,46 - 4,46 0,02 Prolatilus jugularis 3,11 - 3,11 0,01 Hippoglossina sp.
Feeding preferences of herring (Clupea harengus) and sprat (Sprattus sprattus) in the southern Baltic Sea.
- 6.1.6 Smoked sprats and canned smoked sprats (Sprattus sprattus); Smoked Baltic herring less than or equal to 14 cm length and canned smoked Baltic herring less than or equal to 14 cm length (Clupea harengus membras); Katsuobushi (dried bonito, Katsuwonus pelamis); bivalve mollusks (fresh, chilled or frozen); heat treated meat and heat treated meat products sold to the final consumer.
In general, the K coefficients estimated for Stellifer brasiliensis and Stellifer rastrifer were in agreement with those reported for Tilapia zilli (Cichlidae), Thunnus thynnus (Scombridae), and Sprattus sprattus balticus (Clupeidae) (Coward and Bromage, 2002; Aragon et al., 2010; Haslob et al., 2013).
Although fish constitute only a small portion of the biodiversity of the Black Sea, the main species include anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus), sprat (Sprattus sprattus), whiting (Merlangius merlangus) and Atlantic bonito (Sarda sarda) which have always been important in the area because of their great commercial value.
Development and characterization of thirty-three microsatellite markers for the Patagonian sprat, Sprattus fuegensis (Jenyns, 1842), using paired-end Illumina shotgun sequencing.