Squadron


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squadron

[′skwäd·rən]
(ordnance)
An organization consisting of two or more divisions of ships, or two or more divisions (U.S. Navy) or flights of aircraft; it is normally, but not necessarily, composed of ships or aircraft of the same type.
The basic administrative aviation unit of the U.S. Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force.

Squadron

 

(Russian, eskadra). (1) In various states, a large naval formation composed of units of various sizes drawn from various naval services and intended for action in a specific area of a maritime theater of operations.

(2) Until the mid-20th century, an operational and tactical unit of naval surface ships, formed to destroy units of large vessels and convoys at sea and to deliver artillery fire at shore installations.

(3) In some foreign states, the main operational and strategic unit of atomic-powered missile-carrying submarines, intended for action in a maritime theater of operations.

(4) A large unit of ships operating far from home ports.

(5) In several states, such as fascist Germany, the Federal Republic of Germany, and France, an air force unit consisting of two or three aviation groups, with a total of 75–100 airplanes.


Squadron

 

(Russian, eskadril’ia). (1) The main tactical and fire subunit of aviation and helicopter units of the air force and other branches of the armed forces, consisting of several flights or detachments of airplanes or helicopters. Depending on the individual combat arm, a squadron may have from ten to 30 airplanes or helicopters. Several squadrons make up an aviation or helicopter regiment, aviation wing, or aviation group.

(2) A missile subunit in the French and other armies.


Squadron

 

(Russian, eskadron). (1) A tactical subunit of the regular cavalry, usually consisting of from two to four troops. The corresponding unit in the cossack cavalry was the sotnia. In the armies of various states, squadrons comprised from 120 to 200 men; four to six squadrons made up a cavalry regiment. The cavalry of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army had saber squadrons (composed of four saber troops and an administrative group) and machine gun squadrons (composed of four machine gun troops, each having four machine guns mounted on horse-drawn vehicles).

(2) In the armed forces of Great Britain, a tactical subunit of a tank regiment, comprising 101 men. It consists of an administrative group, four tank troops, and a maintenance troop. A tank regiment also has a staff squadron of 100 men and a maintenance squadron of 111 men.

References in periodicals archive ?
Bobby Schmitt, 16th Space Control Squadron commander, he said that Operation Bolo "showed innovation could work when the leader trusted and empowered his people to think of and implement new and better ways to do business." He also referred to Olds as "an innovative leader" at a time when the Air Force was in dire need of innovation to face difficult missions where a lot of people's lives were at stake.
'Shooter Squadron' is an innovative idea of establishing a temporary flying squadron which would serve as a lead in fighter training.
In this context, the Squadron has played a decisive role in Operation Zarb-e-Azb.
This success comes closely after being named the 'Best Squadron in Merseyside Wing' for the fifth time in the last seven years in the recent Wing Field Training Day Competition.
The timing of the squadron moves is contingent upon completion of necessary squadron facilities at MCASI, some of which are still under construction.
Cadet Warrant Paolo David, the senior cadet at the squadron and the current Lord Mayor of Coventry's Air Cadet, was awarded a drill cane as the best drill instructor of the day.
The Swansea Air Cadets squadron celebrates its 75th anniversary this year and has been awarded the Best Squadron in Britain award four times.
Squadron Commander, Flight Lieutenant James Elliott, said: "I am so incredibly proud of 861 and all of its cadets and staff.
Not one to delegate significant responsibilities, he personally selected each of the pilots for the squadron. While no official qualification standards were published, Grosvenor clearly had three criteria for squadron membership: 1) given the primitive state of aviation training and non-availability of centralized flying schools for the Auxiliary, it was helpful if an applicant already knew how to fly; 2) wealth played a role in the selection process; and 3) most importantly, in the class-conscious Britain of the 1920s, the individual had to be a member of the right social class.
"Further, the series production of Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) is also awaited to form the first LCA squadron in IAF.
It is arguably the most famous squadron in the RAF, with the original crew carrying drum-shaped bombs which bounced over water and exploded at the base of dam walls.
Wingwalker Stella Guilding, 26, performed handstands and acrobatics as the aircraft glided over RAF Pengam Moors, the old operational centre of the squadron.