Squadron

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squadron

[′skwäd·rən]
(ordnance)
An organization consisting of two or more divisions of ships, or two or more divisions (U.S. Navy) or flights of aircraft; it is normally, but not necessarily, composed of ships or aircraft of the same type.
The basic administrative aviation unit of the U.S. Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force.

Squadron

 

(Russian, eskadra). (1) In various states, a large naval formation composed of units of various sizes drawn from various naval services and intended for action in a specific area of a maritime theater of operations.

(2) Until the mid-20th century, an operational and tactical unit of naval surface ships, formed to destroy units of large vessels and convoys at sea and to deliver artillery fire at shore installations.

(3) In some foreign states, the main operational and strategic unit of atomic-powered missile-carrying submarines, intended for action in a maritime theater of operations.

(4) A large unit of ships operating far from home ports.

(5) In several states, such as fascist Germany, the Federal Republic of Germany, and France, an air force unit consisting of two or three aviation groups, with a total of 75–100 airplanes.


Squadron

 

(Russian, eskadril’ia). (1) The main tactical and fire subunit of aviation and helicopter units of the air force and other branches of the armed forces, consisting of several flights or detachments of airplanes or helicopters. Depending on the individual combat arm, a squadron may have from ten to 30 airplanes or helicopters. Several squadrons make up an aviation or helicopter regiment, aviation wing, or aviation group.

(2) A missile subunit in the French and other armies.


Squadron

 

(Russian, eskadron). (1) A tactical subunit of the regular cavalry, usually consisting of from two to four troops. The corresponding unit in the cossack cavalry was the sotnia. In the armies of various states, squadrons comprised from 120 to 200 men; four to six squadrons made up a cavalry regiment. The cavalry of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army had saber squadrons (composed of four saber troops and an administrative group) and machine gun squadrons (composed of four machine gun troops, each having four machine guns mounted on horse-drawn vehicles).

(2) In the armed forces of Great Britain, a tactical subunit of a tank regiment, comprising 101 men. It consists of an administrative group, four tank troops, and a maintenance troop. A tank regiment also has a staff squadron of 100 men and a maintenance squadron of 111 men.

References in periodicals archive ?
CVW-9 embarked squadrons include: Strike Fighter Squadron (VFA) 41, Strike Fighter Squadron (VFA) 14, Strike Fighter Squadron (VFA) 97, Strike Fighter Squadron (VFA) 151, Electronic Attack Squadron (VAQ) 133, Airborne Early Warning Squadron (VAW) 117, Fleet Logistics Combat Support Squadron (VRC) 30, Detachment 4, Helicopter Sea Combat Squadron (HSC) 14, and Helicopter Maritime Strike Squadron (HSM) 71.
Groups and wings were formed in order to remedy the difficulty of coordinating aerial activities between dispersed aero squadrons. Though WWI saw the first great military mobilization, it also saw the first huge drawdown.
MAGHULL Squadron Air Cadets continue to prove that they are the number one Air Cadet unit in Merseyside Wing - after winning the annual fivea-side football competition.
Strike Fighter Squadrons (VFA) 115 and 195 and Electronic Attack Squadron (VAQ) 141 will relocate to MCASI at the conclusion of USS Ronald Reagan Carrier Strike Group (CSG) 5's fall patrol.
Wideopen Air Cadets are in the running to scoop the prestigious Sir Alan Lees Trophy competition for the top performing squadron in the UK.
When the war began, 601 and other Auxiliary squadrons became part of Britain's full-time forces, operationally indistinguishable from the active RAF.
"With regard to existing squadron strength, it is learnt that we are down to 25 squadrons today even though the authorisation is for 42 combat squadrons.
The squadron, based at RAF Lossiemouth in Moray, has twice been disbanded and reformed as it has moved from operating the Lancaster to the Vulcan to the Tornado, in a process that is usual for RAF squadrons.
Along with the now defunct 1,033th and 630th squadrons, 59th Squadron formed Huddersfield Wing.
The Marine Corps announced plans for basing the service's 400 F-35B Joint Strike Fighters in two final environmental impact statements outlining locations for East and West Coast squadrons released by the Department of the Navy on 9 December 2010.
Reconnaissance squadrons in an IBCT, while capable, are in need of additional organizational, manpower, and equipment modifications in order to realize their full potential.
Following the war, civil and military aircraft assembly and repair continued, until the mid-1950s, and in its final years three Auxiliary Air Force Squadrons operated from Hooton.