Sredinnyi Range

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sredinnyi Range

 

(also Zapadnyi Range), the main dividing range of Kamchatka, extending along the entire peninsula. Sredinnyi Range has elevations reaching 3,621 m (Ichinskaia Sopka—an active volcano) and measures 1,200 km in length and as much as 120 km in width. It is composed of Paleozoic schists and gneisses and Mesozoic-Cenozoic sandstones, shales, and volcanic rocks. There are many extinct volcanoes. Ancient glacial forms occur (cirques and U-shaped valleys). Modern glaciers cover 866 sq km. Forests of Erman’s birch and thickets of Japanese stone pine and dwarf alder are found on the lower slopes; alpine tundra occurs at higher elevations. High-grass meadows are found in the valleys.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.