Srinagar

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Srinagar

(srēnŭ`gər) or

Serinagar

(sərēnŭ`–), city (1981 est. pop. 588,000), Jammu and Kashmir, India, historic capital of KashmirKashmir
, region and former princely state, 85,714 sq mi (222,236 sq km), NW India, NE Pakistan, and SW China. Kashmir is bordered on the west by Pakistan, on the south by India, and on the north and east by China.
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, on the Jhelum River. Situated in the Vale of Kashmir, Srinagar is one of the most beautiful summer resorts of Asia. Seven wooden bridges cross the Jhelum and connect the sections of the city. There are many canals, and transportation is chiefly by boat. Houseboats on the canals and nearby lakes serve as vacation hotels. In place of the hand-woven shawls (cashmeres) for which the city was famed, machine-made silks, woolens, and carpets are now manufactured. The city was founded in the 6th cent., and the 7th-century Sankaracharya temple may be its oldest historic remain. There is a 16th-century fort built by AkbarAkbar
, 1542–1605, Mughal emperor of India (1556–1605); son of Humayun, grandson of Babur. He succeeded to the throne under a regent, Bairam Khan, who rendered loyal service in expanding and consolidating the Mughal domains before he was summarily dismissed (1560) by
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. The Hazratbal mosque has a putative hair of Muhammad. Extensive Buddhist ruins are also near the city. In 1948, Srinagar became the summer capital of the Indian sector of the disputed state of Jammu and Kashmir. In 2019 it became the capital of the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir, which was created from the western areas of the state. The Univ. of Kashmir is in the city.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Srinagar

 

a city in India, in the Himalayas, located in the Vale of Kashmir, on the Jhelam River. Elevation, 1,600 m. Population, 403,600 (1971). Srinagar, the administrative center of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, is an important transportation center. The city is known for its cottage industries, which include rug-making, the production of cashmere shawls, wood carving, and metal engraving. There are also enterprises of the textile and food-processing industries. Picturesque parks are located outside Srinagar, near Lake Dal. There is much tourism in the region. Srinagar is crisscrossed by canals, and intracity travel is primarily by boat.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Srinagar

a city in N India, the summer capital of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, at an altitude of 1600 m (5250 ft.) on the Jhelum River: seat of the University of Jammu and Kashmir (1948). Pop.: 894 940 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005