Saint John's

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Saint John's,

city (1991 pop. 21,514), capital of Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbuda
, independent Commonwealth nation (2015 est. pop. 100,000), 171 sq mi (442 sq km), West Indies, in the Leeward Islands. It consists of the island of Antigua (108 sq mi/280 sq km) and two smaller islands, the more sparsely populated Barbuda (62 sq mi/161 sq
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, in the West Indies. St. John's, at the head of a harbor formed by an inlet, is the commercial center of the country. Tourism is important. The harbor has been dredged to accommodate deep-draft vessels. In the 18th cent. St. John's served as a headquarters for the Royal Navy in the West Indies.

Saint John's,

city (2001 pop. 99,182), provincial capital, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, on the northeast coast of the Avalon Peninsula, SE Newfoundland island. Built on hills overlooking a fine harbor, it is the commercial and industrial center of the province and the base of its offshore oil industry and fishing fleet. The city's industries are chiefly related to offshore oil production and drilling and fishing, but tourism is also important. The city is mainly a service center, however, that relies heavily on civil service jobs for its stability.

Although the exact date of its first settlement is not known, St. John's is one of the oldest settlements in North America. In 1583, Sir Humphrey Gilbert took possession of the region for England. Since that time fishing boats from many countries have based there. The settlement was captured and recaptured by France and England, becoming permanently British in 1762 and serving as a naval base during the American Revolution and in the War of 1812. It was at St. John's that Marconi heard (1901) the first transatlantic wireless message and from there that the first nonstop transatlantic flight was made in 1919. The city has been partially destroyed by fire several times. It is the site of the provincial government offices, of Roman Catholic and Anglican cathedrals, of the Newfoundland Museum, of several science museums, and of Memorial Univ.

References in periodicals archive ?
| ||PRESENT DAY: St Johns Market and Shopping Centre
In 1971, however, Queen Elizabeth opened a brand new and modern market, the St John's Shopping Centre, which is what we see today.
"It is likely that Land Securities will be in a position to submit a planning application to the City Council later this year for Clayton Square and early 2007 for the upgrading of St Johns.
We are mindful not to cause disruption to St Johns during the City's year of Capital of Culture, and consequently the refurbishment of St Johns will not commence until early 2009 for completion in 2011."
He said the three-year project to refurbish St Johns will be carried out in phases, so as to limit disruption to trade.
Land Securities was unable to say how much the refurbishment of 350,000 sq ft of space at St Johns would cost, but did say the cost of the 180,000 sq ft Clayton Square would be around pounds 5m.