St. Basil's Cathedral

St. Basil’s Cathedral

 

in Moscow, an outstanding monument of Russian architecture. St. Basil’s Cathedral was constructed in 1555-60 by the architects Barma and Postnik (there has been speculation that they may have been one and the same person) to mark the victory over the Khanate of Kazan.

Originally known as Pokrovskii Cathedral on the Moat, St. Basil’s Cathedral was erected on the southern side of the main square in Moscow (modern Red Square) in front of the Kremlin. The commission specified that the cathedral was to consist of eight separate churches symbolizing the days of decisive battles for Kazan. The builders of the cathedral interpreted the commission creatively by designing an original and complicated plan: standing amid four axial pillarlike churches are others, less high; all of them are crowned with onion-shaped domes and grouped around the ninth pillar-like church that rises above them and is topped by a tent with a small cupola. All the churches stand on a common foundation surrounded by a gallery (which was originally open) and interior arched passages. The cathedral was built of brick, and its foundation, the socle, and a number of other parts were built of white stone. In 1588 St. Basil’s Chapel, which gave the whole structure its modern widely known name, was added to the cathedral. In 1670 a tent-shaped belfry was constructed.

The exterior of the cathedral was at first more severe and restrained in style, but it already had certain individual traits—composition in many parts, lack of an accentuated main facade, predominance of a fluid, rich exterior with relatively small interior spaces, the important role of decorative elements (spires on pillars, various decorations shaped like women’s headdresses at the base of the drums and under the tent, and so forth). All this gives the building the character of a unique monumental construction (designed, like sculpture, to be seen in the round from the outside), a monument to the glory of the Russian state. The same characteristics link the cathedral with the traditions of national architecture in wood and 16th-century stone memorial churches (in the villages of Kolomenskoe and D’iakovskoe, both of which are now within the Moscow limits). Later, asymmetrical extensions, tents over porches, the intricate ornamentation of the cupolas, and ornamental wall paintings both outside and inside the cathedral intensified its picturesqueness, colorfulness, and closeness to the imagery of the folk imagination and underscored its importance as a link between the monumental architecture of the Kremlin and the intricate fragmented construction of the suburbs. The cathedral thus acquired secular and popular characteristics typical of 17th-century urban culture. St. Basil’s Cathedral—one of the most unique and impressive monuments of world architecture—is to this day one of the dominant structures on Red Square. It completes the longitudinal compositional axis of the square and lends to its solemn aspect a note of joyous splendor and bold imagination. Today, St. Basil’s Cathedral is a branch of the State Historical Museum.

REFERENCES

Sobolev, N. N. Vasilii Blazhenyi (Pokrovskii Sobor). Moscow, 1949.
Snegirev, V. L. Pamiatnik Arkhitektury—Khram Vasiliia Blazhennogo. Moscow, 1953.
[Iakovlev, I. V.] Pokrovskii Sobor (Khram Vasilia Blazhennogo: Putevoditel’ po muzeiu). Moscow, 1957.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
St. Basil's Cathedral, Kazan Cathedral, The Iberian Gate, Kremlin Wall, Statue of Minin and Pozharsky, The Heritage museum, The Church of the Spilt Blood, Nevsky Prospekt, The Catherine Palace, statue of the greatest Russian poet Alexander Pushkinetc with their historical and cultural appeal provided the students a glimpse into the lives of Tsars and helped them understand Russia's history.
You and your family will also be able to see the new attractions, including iconic new landmarks in the world-famous Miniland - there is the majestic 47,000 Lego brick Taj Mahal, St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow and a section dedicated entirely to the USA with the Statue of Liberty made from 44,000 Lego bricks.
Set up with a view of St. Basil's Cathedral in the background, the aim is to let the viewer feel that they are being taken directly from Red Square into the live stadium action with a 180-degree camera move.
in Lebanon, as mist rises from a valley cavern, in Santorini shutters are closed against the advancing night, in Istanbul a woman gazes at the ceiling of the Blue Mosque and in Jerusalem written prayers are pressed into chinks of the Wailing Wall, a comet moth flutters through the depths of the rainforest and the spires of St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow sparkle in the last of the evening light.
MOSCOW -- Green-clad fans, many with oversized sombreros as big as their hopes, filled the streets outside St. Basil's Cathedral, packed the Metro and made the long walk into Luzhniki Stadium.
The world famous Moscow Circus, sightseeing of Lenin's Tomb, St. Basil's Cathedral will also be amongst the highlights of the said tour amounting to Rs.98450/- per person, which is said to be the cheapest in the market with the given inclusions.
The famous onion-domed St. Basil's Cathedral was saved from the destruction, but the delicate Kazan Cathedral was demolished only to be rebuilt in 1990-93.
The killing was cinematic in a rancid way: Nemtsov died beneath the glimmering domes of St. Basil's Cathedral and was covered in a black body bag after having his buff torso exposed to the pitiless gaze of the television cameras by the responding officers at the scene.
The hit was carried out with professional skill only three minutes' walk from Red Square, St. Basil's Cathedral and the Kremlin, in an area that is infested day and night by militia (police) on constant alert to break up demonstrations.
Beyond its cultural treasures--Red Square, St. Basil's Cathedral and the Bolshoi Ballet among others--Russia's capital features a variety of interesting activities for individuals and families alike.
Branagh does an excellent job as the dour, fanatical Cherevin, a man with more secrets than St. Basil's Cathedral has onion domes, and his machinations are so threatening to American interests that the formerly desk-bound Ryan is forced to go operational in a big way.
Number one and number three are St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow and the Taj Mahal."