Stabat Mater Dolorosa


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Stabat Mater Dolorosa

(stä`bät mä`tĕr dō'lōrō`sä) [Lat.,=the sorrowful mother was standing], 13th-century hymn of the Roman Church attributed to Jacopone da Todi. A prayer meditating on the sorrows of the Virgin Mary in her station at the Cross, it was the liturgical sequence for the Seven Sorrows of the Virgin (Sept. 15 and the Friday before Palm Sunday). It is no longer used on the Friday before Palm Sunday and is optional on Sept. 15, but it continues to be sung at nonliturgical Lenten services. It was not admitted as a liturgical sequence until 1727, and musical settings are more numerous after that date. Among composers who have used the text are Josquin Desprez, Palestrina, Pergolesi, Haydn, Schubert, and Rossini.
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The crew said no precise relationship should be sought between the "Stabat Mater Dolorosa" and "Stabat Mater Furiosa," aside from the fact that the latter might be seen to have been written as a way for a woman to avenge her former pain.
GIOVANNI PERGOLESI'S "Stabat Mater Dolorosa" will be presented by the Central Presbyterian Church choir, three soloists and an orchestra at 7:30 p.m.
So, too, was the performance of Palestrina's hauntingly beautiful Stabat mater dolorosa, though in Gesualdo's Animam meam dilectam, the choir was less happy, the tonality wavering somewhat.
Jacopone is also the reputed author of a famous Latin lauda, the Stabat mater dolorosa. Another famous 13th-century lauda in Latin is the Dies irae ("Day of Wrath"), a funeral hymn.