Stabat Mater

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Stabat Mater

 

one of the medieval sequences, preserved in the services of the Catholic Church. The text, apparently written by a Franciscan monk, contains 20 stanzas of three lines each. The Stabat Mater entered liturgical books, where it was set to specific melodies. Polyphonic versions, usually making use of traditional melodies, were created beginning in the 15th century; examples are those of Josquin des Prez and Palestrina. Later, vocal solos and instrumental accompaniment came to be included in the Stabat Mater, bringing it close to the form of the cantata. Examples of this type of Stabat Mater were composed in the 18th century by Pergolesi and Haydn and in the 19th century by Schubert, Liszt, Rossini, Verdi, Dvorak, and other composers.