Stadtholder

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Related to Stadhouder: Stadtholders in the Low Countries
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Stadtholder

 

(also stadhouder), the viceroy in the Netherlands of Burgundian and later of Hapsburg sovereigns during the 15th and 16th centuries. After the 16th-century bourgeois revolution in the Netherlands, the stadtholder was the chief executive power in the United Provinces of the Netherlands until the end of the 18th century.


Stadtholder

 

in a number of European countries, an official who exercised state authority over a certain territory. Stadtholders existed in the Netherlands during the rule of the Burgundian and Hapsburg dynasties, in the crown lands of the Austrian Empire, and in Austria-Hungary until 1918. In the German Empire from 1871 to 1918, the term stadtholder was applied to the governor of Alsace-Lorraine. The office of Reichsstatthalter existed in fascist Germany from 1933 to 1945.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Visitors were clearly drawn by the princely estates of stadhouder Willem III in Guelders, but Hainaut's appeal is less explicable, given the provincial townscape of Valenciennes, Mons, and Tournai.
(7) Anjou's arrival was, in part, a product of this short-lived autonomy and of the confidence directed by these magistrates toward Prince William I of Orange (1533-84), the governor of the Duchy of Brabant and stadhouder of Holland and Zeeland.
William III of England and Stadhouder of the United Netherlands, paid her 900 guilders on commission and the King of Poland went so far as to pay her 2400 guilders for three pieces.
The Synod of Dordrecht (1618-19) condemned the Remonstrant pastors, and the Stadhouder Prince Maurits dismissed the entire Kampen town council in 1620.