(27) With regard to the concept of 'stadial
history', see Karen O'Brien, Narratives of Enlightenment: Cosmopolitan History from Voltaire to Gibbon (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997), pp.
Such an understanding raised the possibility of a revised rather than abandoned, stadial
theory, pertaining to the natural divisions within humanity itself.
Scott stresses this stadial
notion of dancing as an index of cultural development away from religious, animal origins, which were closely allied with non-European cultures, through classed folk European dances, to modern European forms like ballet.
Eight of the 16 OSL dates on dunes overlap at one sigma error with the Younger Dryas stadial
Contemporary indigenous peoples were historicized by an implicit saga of stadial
development in which cultures can never be treated as fully contemporary with one another.
It is worth to mention, that in Poland this estimate is in agreement with paleontological data, which showed the reappearance of the hamsters in southern Poland during the second stadial
of Vistulian (Kowalski 2001).
One major benefit of her erudition is to situate the Scottish debate on race and gender in a truly European intellectual context that includes not only the avowed favorite of the Scottish literati, Montesquieu, and other French thinkers who are commonly cited by Scottish Enlightenment scholars because of their prominence or their relevance for Scottish stadial
theory, such as Rousseau, Voltaire, and Turgot, but also less well-known French-language writers, including Goguet, Lamy, and de Pauw, and French and European scientific and anthropological authors, such as Linnaeus, Buffon, Zimmermann, and Blumenbach.
Viewing these laws as temporally static runs contrary to their nature--indeed, some viewed the legislative process as they viewed the history of civilization: stadial
They are subcutaneous painless nodules, from 2 to 10 cm, with stadial
evolution, from a hard, small nodule to a deep punched-out ulcer with steep sides and a gummy base; they are isolated, unilateral or disseminated.
However, at the very beginning he did not take Europe's scheme of stadial
history as something that "all human societies" have to go through.
But where Des Jardins focuses on the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Murphy goes back even further, to the eighteenth century, when Scottish conjectural, or stadial
, historians--who believed that all human societies progressed through the same stages of development, with each more advanced than the last, culminating in the commercial stage--made the treatment of women an important measure of a society's state of civilization.
theory of media technology, which models successive cultural stages from the oral and performed to writing and manuscript and from thence to print', Sandra Gustafson has recently argued.