Stan


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Wikipedia.

Stan

 

(1) In Rus’ from the 11th to 17th centuries, a military camp, usually situated on high ground and protected by carts (kolymagi), a palisade (tyn), and, more rarely, a ditch and earthworks.

(2) A place for long stopovers during trips or journeys. This type of stan (stanovishche) was known in Rus’ from the 11th century. It was the precursor of the relay station for coach horses (iamskoi stan) and the postal service (pochtovyistan).

(3) A place where feudal officials levied tribute and held court over the local population. Originally, representatives of feudal authority came to the stan periodically, when it was time for the population to pay taxes. In the 14th and 15th centuries, stan also came to mean the land under the jurisdiction of these representatives of princely authority, and the stan was thenceforth a territorial-administrative unit as well. From the late 15th century, the stan was part of an uezd (district). In the 16th and 17th centuries, the stany were formed in the newly established frontier districts of the Russian state, such as Simbirsk and Tambov districts. The stan persisted as a territorial unit in Russia until the early 20th century.

(4) From 1837, a police territorial unit in an uezd; there were usually two stany in each uezd (see).

References in periodicals archive ?
Stan launched the careers of countless journalists, most notably football writer Martin Lipton, now deputy head of sport at The Sun.
Which Sebastian Stan movies are you looking forward to?
Shortly afterwards, he went off to boarding school and, a few years later, the family moved up to Glasgow where, at 16, Stan made his first public appearance.
Chris is confident of catching Stan and is already planning his welcome home party.
There are hundreds of theories," says Stan, who believes that rock art marks routes across the landscape.
SPOOKYBOY Great news, keep on fighting Stan KNOWALL Great news
STAN JAMES ODDS: 66-1 JUNIOR FORM: 321-82 10 TRAINER: D Pipe JOCKEY: T Scudamore VERDICT: Ran a fine trial when just beaten by Ikorodu Road at Doncaster.
Lennon played alongside ILLNESS J Stan Petrov NEIL Lennon took time out from his SPL title celebrations to visit stricken pal Stan Petrov in a London hospital yesterday.
With his bristling gray hair and beard and surly personality, Stan scared me.
It is with great sadness that I must advise you of the death of our friend and coworker Stan Landberg.
Stan was born in Cromwell Street, Nechells, but his family were bombed out during the war and moved to Rupert Street, Nechells.
The musical, written by Stan, Jan and Mike (props to Stan and Jan for not naming their son, say, Dan), follows the Berenstain model, having the bears losing their good sense only to regain it and learn a moral in the process.