Born July 18, 1901, in Holsterhausen, Westphalia; died Dec. 13, 1966, in Washington, D. C. Statesman and politician of bourgeois-landlord Poland.
Mikołajczyk represented the peasant party Stronnictwo Ludowe in the Sejm from 1930 to 1935. He was deputy prime minister (1940–43) and prime minister (1943–44) of the Polish government-in-exile in London. In June 1945 he joined the Provisional Government of National Unity formed in liberated Poland, serving as second deputy prime minister and minister of agriculture. In August 1945 he founded the Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe, a reactionary party. Mikolajczyk fled abroad in 1947, and in 1950 he founded in the USA the Polish National Democratic Committee, an organization of reactionary Polish political émigrés.