Stanley Kubrick


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Stanley Kubrick
Birthday
BirthplaceBronx, New York, United States
Died
NationalityAmerican
Occupation
Film director, producer, screenwriter, cinematographer, editor

Kubrick, Stanley

(ko͞o`brĭk, kyo͞o`–), 1928–99, American film director, writer, and producer, b. New York City. His visually stunning, thematically daring, boldly idiosyncratic, and darkly compelling films generally portray a deeply flawed humanity. Kubrick made several documentary shorts in the 1950s, turning to film noir features with Fear and Desire (1953), Killer's Kiss (1955), and The Killing (1956). He scored his first hit with the bleak antiwar drama Paths of Glory (1957). After completing the Roman epic Spartacus (1960), he left Hollywood (1961) to move to England. He soon made a series of brilliant films: the sexualized, sad, and uproariously comic Lolita (1962), the apocalyptic black comedy Dr. Strangelove (1964), the science-fiction classic 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), and the violently futuristic A Clockwork Orange (1971). Kubrick's later films include Barry Lyndon (1975); The Shining (1980), a terrifying version of Stephen KingKing, Stephen,
1947–, American writer, b. Portland, Maine. Influenced by the 19th-century Gothic tradition, especially the works of Poe, King's fiction reveals the macabre and horrific potential of everyday situations and experiences.
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's novel; the bitter Vietnam-era Full Metal Jacket (1987); and the psychosexual thriller Eyes Wide Shut (1999), his last film, called a masterpiece by some critics and a pretentious disappointment by others.

Bibliography

See biography by V. Lobrutto (1997); G. Phillips, Stanley Kubrick: A Film Odyssey (1975); T. A. Nelson, Kubrick: Inside a Film Artist's Maze (1982); M. Ciment, Kubrick (1983); N. Kagan, The Cinema of Stanley Kubrick (1989); M. Falsetto, Stanley Kubrick: A Narrative and Stylistic Analysis (1994); D. Mikics, Stanley Kubrick: American Filmmaker (2020).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kubrick, Stanley

 

Born July 26, 1928, in New York. American film director.

In the early 1950’s Kubrick began writing screenplays and producing and directing documentary films. In 1953 he directed his first feature film. His films Paths of Glory (1957), based on the novel by H. Cobb, and Doctor Strangelove, or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1963) explore important problems of the modern world and denounce militarism and war. His best-known films are the historical film Spartacus (1961), Lolita (1962), based on the novel by V. Nabokov, and 2001: A Space Odyssey (1969, based on A. Clarke’s novel), which treats the problem of technological progress in conquering outer space in the science fiction manner. In the film A Clockwork Orange (1972), based on the novel by the English writer A. Burgess, Kubrick satirizes bourgeois customs and morality, although he regards evil as ineradicable.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Kubrick, Stanley

(1928–  ) film director; born in the Bronx, N.Y. At age 17 he was a staff photographer for Look magazine, and in 1950 he made his first film, a documentary – Day of the Fight. His first directorial feature was Fear and Desire (1953). A meticulous master of technique and visual composition, his successes include Lolita (1962), Dr. Strangelove (1964), 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), and A Clockwork Orange (1971). Often filming in Britain to avoid the commercial pressures of Hollywood, he is seen by his admirers as one of the true American cinema artists, but others find his movies intellectually pretentious and emotionally sterile.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
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