Starhemberg, Ernst Rüdiger von

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Starhemberg, Ernst Rüdiger von,

1899–1956, Austrian politician, a descendant of the 17th-century general of the same name. He took part in Hitler's "beer-hall putsch" of 1923 (see Hitler, AdolfHitler, Adolf
, 1889–1945, founder and leader of National Socialism (Nazism), and German dictator, b. Braunau in Upper Austria. Early Life

The son of Alois Hitler (1837–1903), an Austrian customs official, Adolf Hitler dropped out of high school, and
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) but later opposed Hitler and became (1930) leader of the Heimwehr, an Austrian fascistic militia. He supported DollfussDollfuss, Engelbert
, 1892–1934, Austrian chancellor. A Christian Socialist, he rose to prominence as leader of the Lower Austrian Farmers' League and became minister of agriculture in 1931.
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 in 1932, his aim being an Austrian system of fascism. After helping to suppress the Social Democrats in Feb., 1934, he became vice chancellor and later was also minister of security in the SchuschniggSchuschnigg, Kurt von
, 1897–1977, Austrian chancellor. He served (1932–34) as minister of justice and education and helped Engelbert Dollfuss repress the Social Democrats and organize the corporative state. After Dollfuss's assassination (1934) he became chancellor.
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 cabinet. He was forced to resign in 1936, and the Heimwehr was dissolved. During World War II, Starhemberg served for a time in the British and the Free French air forces. He lived in Argentina from 1942 to 1955, when he returned to Austria.


See his memoirs, Between Hitler and Mussolini (1942).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Starhemberg, Ernst Rüdiger Von


Born May 10, 1899, in Eferding, near Linz; died Mar. 15, 1956, in Schruns. Austrian state and political figure; large landholder. One of the leaders of the Heimwehr.

Starhemberg was minister of internal affairs in 1930 and vice-chancellor from 1934 to 1936. One of the chief organizers of the reign of terror against the working-class movement, he was particularly active in the suppression of the armed uprising of February 1934. Starhemberg left Austria after the Anschluss of 1938 and lived abroad until 1955.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.