Starobelsk

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Starobel’sk

 

a city and administrative center of Starobel’sk Raion, Voroshilovgrad Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. Located on the Aidar River (a tributary of the Severskii Donets), it has a railroad station on the Valuiki-Voroshilovgrad line. Population, 22,700 (1975). Starobel’sk has a repair plant, a reinforced-con-crete products plant, fruit-canning and milk plants, a brewery, and furniture and garment factories. There are also enterprises for servicing railroad transport. The city has a sovkhoz technicum, a medical school, and a museum of local lore. [24—1271–4]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"All troops met in Starobelsk and are now advancing on Lugansk.
All communication ceased in spring 1940, when Captain Krasicki was among the 4,000 Polish POWs at the Starobelsk camp executed by the NKVD--one contingent of the many slaughtered by the operation now called the Katyn Forest massacre.
During the following months they were detained in the NKVD camps in the western part of the USSR, in Kozelsk, Ostashkov and Starobelsk."
By liquidating the Kozelsk, Starobelsk and Ostashkov camps, the Soviet leaders assumed from the very beginning that the decisions sanctioning the division of the Polish state were final; they did not consider a possibility of the rebuilding of Poland or a military conflict in which the newly imprisoned Polish officers would become useful--not to mention their becoming allies.
(35) A decision was made at the time to murder "the 14,700 former Polish officers, officials, landowners, police, intelligence agents, gendarmes, [military] settlers, and prison officers" as well as "the 11,000 members of various [counter-revolutionary] espionage and sabotage organisations, former landowners, manufacturers, former Polish officers, officials and refugees...." (36) The decision made at the time meant the extermination of about 25,700 Polish nationals held in camps located in Kozelsk, Starobelsk, and Ostashkov as well as in various prisons, including those in Minsk, Kharkhov, Kiev, and Kherson.
Starobelsk camp, murdered in Kharkov and buried in the Piatichatki
In the spring of 1940, the NKVD murdered close to 22,000 Polish nationals in the Katyn Forest in Russia, in the nearby prisons of Kalinin and Kharkov, at more remote sites such as the Soviet headquarters in Smolensk (a prisoner-of-war camp in Moscow), and in Starobelsk and Ostashkov.
The first group consisted of 14,700 Polish POWs taken from the battlefield; mainly officers, policemen and border guards who were held in three special POW camps in Kozielsk, Starobelsk, and Ostashkov.