"All troops met in Starobelsk
and are now advancing on Lugansk.
All communication ceased in spring 1940, when Captain Krasicki was among the 4,000 Polish POWs at the Starobelsk
camp executed by the NKVD--one contingent of the many slaughtered by the operation now called the Katyn Forest massacre.
During the following months they were detained in the NKVD camps in the western part of the USSR, in Kozelsk, Ostashkov and Starobelsk
By liquidating the Kozelsk, Starobelsk
and Ostashkov camps, the Soviet leaders assumed from the very beginning that the decisions sanctioning the division of the Polish state were final; they did not consider a possibility of the rebuilding of Poland or a military conflict in which the newly imprisoned Polish officers would become useful--not to mention their becoming allies.
(35) A decision was made at the time to murder "the 14,700 former Polish officers, officials, landowners, police, intelligence agents, gendarmes, [military] settlers, and prison officers" as well as "the 11,000 members of various [counter-revolutionary] espionage and sabotage organisations, former landowners, manufacturers, former Polish officers, officials and refugees...." (36) The decision made at the time meant the extermination of about 25,700 Polish nationals held in camps located in Kozelsk, Starobelsk
, and Ostashkov as well as in various prisons, including those in Minsk, Kharkhov, Kiev, and Kherson.
camp, murdered in Kharkov and buried in the Piatichatki
In the spring of 1940, the NKVD murdered close to 22,000 Polish nationals in the Katyn Forest in Russia, in the nearby prisons of Kalinin and Kharkov, at more remote sites such as the Soviet headquarters in Smolensk (a prisoner-of-war camp in Moscow), and in Starobelsk
The first group consisted of 14,700 Polish POWs taken from the battlefield; mainly officers, policemen and border guards who were held in three special POW camps in Kozielsk, Starobelsk
, and Ostashkov.