The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a Paleolithic site in a cave near the city of Bakhchisarai, in the Crimea. Starosel’e belongs to the Mousterian culture. It was discovered in 1952 by A. A. Formozov, who studied it until 1956. Small hand axes, worked on both surfaces, predominate among the stone implements. Other finds include triangular points, side-scrapers, and leaf-shaped points, as well as the bones of fossil animals (primarily the wild ass). Also found was a grave dating from the Mousterian period containing the remains of a child ½ to two years of age. Many sapiens traits distinguish the child from Neanderthal man; the child is a representative of Homo sapiens or a form intermediate between Neanderthal man and Homo sapiens.


Formozov, A. A. Peshchernaia stoianka Starosel’e i ee mesto v paleolite. Moscow, 1958.
Alekseev, V. P. “Gominidy vtoroi poloviny srednego i nachala verkhnego pleistotsena Evropy.” In the collection Iskopaemye gominidy i proiskhozhdenie cheloveka. Moscow, 1966.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Seria el caso del unico enterramiento doble de este periodo (La Ferrasie 4), donde el recien nacido corresponderia al yacimiento de Le Moustier 2 (Maureille, 2002), o la nueva consideracion del nino de Starosele como un enterramiento intrusivo de origen musulman (Marks et al., 1997).
(1997): "Starosele: New excavations, new and different results", Current Anthropology, 37, pp.
The Starosele "Neanderthal" child turned out to be fully modern (Marks et al.
Starosele and the Starosele Child: new excavations, new results.
Of the total, 31 had been previously unearthed at a site called Starosele and dated at between 40,000 and 80,000 years old.
For instance, many teardrop-shaped scrapers from Starosele retain wood and starch fragments in grooves near their bases that were part of the binding for handles.
Large sharpened stone points at Starosele were also attached to handles and probably served as both spears and cutting implements, the scientists say.
Apart from stylistic contrasts in how tools were manufactured at the two sites, microscopic remains and markings on the Buran Kaya III artifacts look much the same as those on the Starosele material, the researchers add.
New work at the Ukrainian location, known as Starosele, indicates that the fossilized youngster is evolutionarily younger than previously thought-by about 35,000 years.
But striking similarities between the child's remains and two newly discovered, relatively recent human burials at the Ukrainian site suggest that, "short of an incredible coincidence, the Starosele child was an intrusive, late medieval burial, fully consistent with Muslim burial practices," says Marks.
Stone artifacts and animal bones exist throughout the sediment layers at Starosele, Marks says.
Muslims used the area surrounding Starosele as a cemetery in the 17th and 18th centuries, Marks notes.