State Coat of Arms of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

State Coat of Arms of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

 

the official emblem of the Soviet state; established by the Constitution of the USSR (art. 143). The coat of arms consists of a sickle and hammer against a globe, depicted in the rays of the sun and framed by ears of grain, with the following inscription in the languages of the Union republics: “Workers of All Countries, Unite!”; at the top of the coat of arms is a five-pointed star. The state coat of arms of the USSR symbolizes the basis of the entire people’s state—a union of workers and peasants, the voluntary association of Union republics with equal rights in a single Union state, and the equality of socialist nations. It also expresses the idea of the international solidarity of the peoples of the USSR with the working people of the world.

The first state coat of arms of the USSR was approved by the Central Executive Committee of the USSR on July 6, 1923, and its description was fixed in the 1924 Constitution of the USSR. During the years 1923-36 the inscription “Workers of All Countries, Unite!” was given in six languages (in accordance with the number of Union republics that formed the Union of the SSR in 1922); as the number of Union republics changed, the inscription was given in 11 languages during the years 1937-46, in 16 languages in the years 1946-56, and in 15 languages since 1956.

All the Union republics have their own state coats of arms, and their descriptions are contained in the constitutions of the respective republics. The principal elements of these republic coats of arms are also the symbol of the working alliance of the workers and peasants—the crossed sickle and hammer—and the inscription “Workers of All Countries, Unite!” in the language of the Union republic. Moreover, the state coats of arms of the Union republics reflect the national characteristics (such as the natural scenery and the economy) of the respective republics.

The state coat of arms of an ASSR is the coat of arms of the Union republic of which it is part, with the addition of the name of the autonomous republic in the language of the given autonomous republic, in that of the corresponding Union republic, and also in Russian; the inscription on the coat of arms “Workers of All Countries, Unite!”, is given in the language of the autonomous republic.

REFERENCES

Gosudarstvennyi gerb SSSR. Gosudarstvennyi flag SSSR. Gosudarstvennyi gerby i flagi soiuznykh sovetskikh sotsialisticheskikh respublik. Moscow, 1959.
Dunin-Barkovskii, K. I. O gerbe i flagakh RSFSR. Moscow, 1922.
Luppol, A. P. “Iz istorii sovetskogo gosudarstvennogo gerba.” IN Ezhegodnik Gosudarstvennogo Istoricheskogo muzeia. Moscow, 1960.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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