State Hydrologic Institute

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

State Hydrologic Institute

 

(GGI) a central scientific research institution whose principal task is the study of the hydrologic regimen of land waters (rivers, lakes, reservoirs, and swamps). Located in Leningrad, it was formed in 1919 at the initiative of the Academy of Sciences. In 1930 it was placed under the authority of the Hydrometeorological Service of the USSR.

V. G. Glushkov and V. A. Uryvaev played an important role in the creation and development of the State Hydrologic Institute. Among the scientists who have worked in the GGI are L. S. Berg, Iu. M. Shokal’skii, N. N. Pavlovskii, S. A. Khristianovich, and M. A. Velikanov. The institute studies the methodology of hydrometric work and does theoretical and experimental research on the processes of the formation of runoff and the water balance, the deformation of riverbeds, the dynamics of water masses, and the hydrologic regimen of rivers, lakes, reservoirs, and swamps. Theoretical research is combined with field and laboratory experiments. The Valdai Field Research Laboratory and the experimental base in the area of Zelenogorsk that includes a riverbed laboratory, an ice-temperature laboratory, a hydrometric laboratory, and an aerohydrometric laboratory belong to GGI. The institute has graduate classroom and correspondence divisions. It publishes Trudy (since 1936). It was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor in 1944.

A. I. CHEBOTAREV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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