corporatism

(redirected from State corporatism)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

corporatism

  1. as in Spain under Franco and more generally in association with FASCISM, the state control of major ‘corporations’ (e.g. labour organizations), with the aim of removing or suppressing social conflict, fostering nationalism, etc.
  2. relations between government and key interest groups (see PRESSURE GROUPS), especially big business and TRADE UNIONS, involving:
  1. intermediation – bodies standing between the state and the individual citizen negotiate agreements with the government on behalf of their members (e.g. agreements on wages and prices);
  2. incorporation – the possession of a special status by these organizations (e.g. in the UK the CBI or the TUC), so that, in some respects, they become virtual extensions of government, what Middlemas, Politics in an Industrial Society, (1979) calls ‘governing institutions’. The UK is often regarded as having moved in a corporatist direction in this second sense in the period 1960 to 1979, a tendency which was reversed with the election of the Thatcher government in 1979. Modern Austria is some times advanced as a more fully developed example of corporatism in sense 2 , characterized by features lacking in the UK, including wide social agreement on the value of social partnership, compulsory membership of trade unions and employers organizations, and effective cooperation between capital and labour.
In a more general sense, ‘intermediate organizations’, and thus ‘corporatist’ social structures, were advanced as a solution to modern social ills by DURKHEIM. Corporatism is often regarded as one of the ways in which governments intervene to manage ADVANCED CAPITALISM. However, in the UK and elsewhere corporatism has been undermined by crises of accumulation and a reversal of consensus politics.

See FISCAL CRISIS IN THE CAPITALIST STATE, HABERMAS; see also SECTORAL CLEAVAGES.

References in periodicals archive ?
We then discuss state corporatism of the Korean developmental state and the neoliberal reforms implemented after the financial crisis of 1997.
As Robert Wade (1990, 27, 294-5) noted, Park Chung-hee (1961-79), who oversaw South Korea's rapid industrialization, reorganized the state-society relations according to the principles of state corporatism. His model was the pre-World War II Japanese state corporatism.
THE LEGACIES OF STATE CORPORATISM AND NEOLIBERALISM IN THE SEWOL ACCIDENT
Under state corporatism, the probability of radical politics increases due to the elimination of all political, economic and civil institutions.
Social, political and economic delusions produced by state corporatism will be revealed, and religious appeals will be liberated from being used as political slogans to mobilize the masses against the regime.
State Corporatism and Prow-Industry is certainly not the last word on the complex processes that it explores.
State corporatism or the corporate state are the terms used to describe this colonization of the societal community by the state.
It actively excludes new positions which appear to be particularistic and tends, in cases where the state predominates, toward state corporatism or even totalitarianism.
In nine chapters, Australian and US scholars present differing views on the roles of such associations and their tolerance by state corporatism as lenses through which to appraise sociopolitical changes occurring in the country.
(2.) This article relies on Schmitter's (1974, 93-94) understanding of state corporatism, defined as "a system of interest representation in which the constituent units are organized into a limited number of singular, compulsory, non-competitive, hierarchically organized, and functionally differentiated categories, recognized or licensed (if not created) by the state and granted a deliberate representational monopoly within their respective categories in exchange for observing certain controls on their selection of leaders and articulation of demands and supports."
She calls it local state corporatism and claims that it is a "new form of development that is committed to growth and the market, but it is led by a party-state with roots in a Leninist system and with the Communist Party still at the helm" (p.
If the legacy of state corporatism weighs so heavily on Brazil and Argentina, it should take some time to dismantle it and replace it with more democratic labor administration.

Full browser ?