Johor

(redirected from State of Johor)

Johor

or

Johore

(jōhôr`, jə–), state (1991 pop. 2,074,297), 7,360 sq mi (19,062 sq km), at the southern extremity of the Malay Peninsula, Malaysia, opposite Singapore. It is largely covered with rain forests and swamps. The principal rivers and communication routes are the Muar and the Johor; the capital is Johor BaruJohor Baru
or Johor Baharu
, city (1991 pop. 561,071), capital of Johor, Malaysia, S Malay Peninsula, opposite Singapore. The city is connected with Singapore by a stone causeway across the narrow Johore Strait. It is a trade center for rubber and tropical produce.
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, across the strait from Singapore. The Chinese and the Malays are the two largest groups in the population, and there is a significant Indian minority. Johor has extensive rubber plantations; other agricultural products are rice, copra, pineapples, gambier, and palm products. Tin and bauxite are mined. After the fall of Malacca (Melaka) to the Portuguese (1511), the former sultan of Malacca continued to rule over Johor and the Riau Archipelago. In the 18th cent. the Bugis, a Malay people from Sulawesi, became dominant in Johor. In 1819 a British-installed sultan granted the site of Singapore to the British East India Company and became for practical purposes an independent ruler. Thereafter relations with Great Britain were friendly; Johor remained one of the most peaceful of the Malay states. In 1885, Johor and Great Britain established formal treaty relations, and in 1914 Johor became a British protectorate. Until 1948, when it entered the Federation of Malaya, Johor was classified as one of the Unfederated Malay States (see MalaysiaMalaysia
, independent federation (2005 est. pop. 23,953,000), 128,430 sq mi (332,633 sq km), Southeast Asia. The official capital and by far the largest city is Kuala Lumpur; Putrajaya is the adminstrative capital.
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). In the 1970s Johor Tenggara became the site of a major resettlement and agricultural development project.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sultan Ibrahim Sultan Iskandar, the sovereign of the Malaysian state of Johor, in perhaps Malaysia's starkest confrontation of Saudi-inspired ultra-conservatism last year denounced practices of Wahhabism and Salafism by calling on Malaysians to uphold their country's culture and not imitate Arabs.
Sultan Ibrahim Sultan Iskandar, the ruler of the state of Johor, was given a working replica of the car from the 1960s cartoon The Flintstones by a fellow royal from Pahang state, according to a post on the Johor sultan's official Facebook page on Monday.
The 24-year-old was picked up in the southern Malaysian state of Johor, police said without identifying him.
Then the national anthem of State of Johor was performed and after the departure of the flag group, HM the Sultan accompanied with HH Personel Representative of HM the King and HH Interior Minister went inside the Police Fort and then to the Courts Majlis, in which HE Interior Minister delivered the following speech: It is a great pleasure to welcome Your Majesty Sultan Ibrahim Ibni AlMarhum Sultan Iskandar, Sultan of Johor, and on behalf of all the personnel of the Ministry of Interior, may I say how happy we are that Your Majesty had joined us here today, in the presence of HH Shaikh Abdullah bin Hamad Al Khalifa, Personal Representative of HM the King.
His Majesty pointed out the development witnessed by the State of Johor Darul Ta'zim at various levels, thanks to the interest of Sultan Ibrahim.
Then the national anthem of State of Johor was performed and after the departure of the flag group, HM the Sultan accompanied with HH Personel Representative of HM the King and HH Interior Minister went inside the Police Fort and then to the Court's Majlis, in which HE Interior Minister delivered the following speech: It is a great pleasure to welcome Your Majesty Sultan Ibrahim Ibni AlMarhum Sultan Iskandar, Sultan of Johor, and on behalf of all the personnel of the Ministry of Interior, may I say how happy we are that Your Majesty had joined us here today, in the presence of HH Shaikh Abdullah bin Hamad Al Khalifa, Personal Representative of HM the King.
The two countries welcomed Saudi Aramco's participation with Malaysia's Petronas to develop and own this giant and integrated complex for refining and petrochemicals in the state of Johor, Malaysia, which will significantly contribute to supporting the long-term economic partnership between the two countries and enhancing their cooperation in the field of energy.
Saudi Aramco said it has entered into a strategic partnership with Petronas Chemicals Group Berhad (PCG) to enhance the value and competitive positioning of its petrochemicals projects within the Petronas Pengerang Integrated Complex (PIC) in the southern Malaysian state of Johor.
In a world's first, Malaysia two weeks ago saw the initial public offering (IPO) of waqf shares through a company that manages endowed land in the country's southernmost state of Johor.
State of Johor in Peninsular Malaysia has reported as one of the most mangrove declining areas.
A (Paris:TEC) announced today the award of a significant contract by Tecnicas Reunidas to supply three hydrogen reformers as part of the hydrogen production facility at PETRONAS' Refinery and Petrochemical Integrated Development (RAPID) project located in the state of Johor, Malaysia.
Malaysia's state-owned oil and gas company Petronas is delaying the start-up of its $16 billion Rapid refining and petrochemical complex in the southern state of Johor until mid-2019, pushing it back from early that year, its top executive said.