State Secret


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State Secret

 

military, economic, and political information that is of great importance to the state and is especially guarded by the state.

In the USSR the list of information considered to be state secrets is established by the Council of Ministers in the interests of protecting the economic power, defense capability, and foreign security of the USSR. Keeping a state secret is the duty of every Soviet citizen to whom such information is known. In order to prevent the disclosure of state secrets, a certain procedure has been established for drawing up, storing, and using documents and objects, information about which constitutes a state secret. If violation of the established procedure results in disclosure of a state secret or loss of the documents involved, the guilty parties are brought to criminal trial under the Law of Criminal Responsibility for State Crimes of 1958 (arts. 12 and 13). In the absence of evidence of such crimes as treason and espionage, disclosure of a state secret by the person to whom it was entrusted or to whom it became known because of his official position or work is punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of two to five years. If the disclosure of a state secret entailed grave consequences, the penalty is deprivation of freedom for five to eight years. Severe penalties are provided for the loss of documents containing state secrets.

A type of state secret is a military secret, the keeping of which is directly connected with ensuring the military power and combat readiness of the armed forces. Disclosure by servicemen of information of a military character that constitutes a state secret is punishable in accordance with the Law of Criminal Responsibility for Military Crimes of 1958 by deprivation of freedom for two to five years. The loss of documents or objects containing state secrets by a serviceman to whom the documents or objects were entrusted entails deprivation of freedom for one to three years, provided that the loss resulted from a violation of established regulations. If the disclosure of a state secret or the loss of secret documents by a serviceman has grave consequences, the offense is punishable by a term of five to ten years.

V. N. KUDRIAVTSEV

References in periodicals archive ?
and (2) even if courts can determine whether evidence is a state secret,
Dror Ladin, a lawyer with the American Civil Liberties Union appearing on behalf of the plaintiffs, said Thursday the Trump administration is using state secrets privilege to block the testimony of several top CIA officials, including the new deputy director of the agency, Gina Haspel.
When the stamp of "state secret" has turned into a veil concealing the dirty dealings of administrations, is it not the duty of a journalist to tear it away?
According to the report, the state secret draft law the government is working on will serve to stop dissidents and journalists from revealing all that is labeled as a state secret.
Range last week suspended an investigation into netzpolitik.org while he awaited an independent expert opinion on whether articles the website had published about plans to step up state surveillance of online communications amounted to revealing state secrets.
The Prosecution's key argument for with-drawing from further investigation is the fact that there no "state secret" seal on the document that Crvenkovski presented in public.
The Customs Agency head was charged with inadvertently disclosing information constituting a state secret.
The court's reading of the discussion of Totten in Reynolds for the posit that Totten applies to cases where "the very subject matter of the action" is a state secret is similarly flawed, as the Reynolds court itself noted that the very subject matter of the Totten case was a contract with the government to perform espionage.
(131) Thus, the state secrets privilege exists on a dual plane: either under the Totten bar, whereby a court must dismiss a claim if the very subject matter of the litigation is a state secret, or under the Reynolds evidentiary privilege, whereby courts must determine whether evidence involved in the litigation is subject to protection from the privilege.
(7) Specifically, Bush officials sought dismissal of entire lawsuits claiming that the subject matter of the lawsuit was itself a state secret, (8) Substantial debate exists regarding the precise nature of the Bush Administration's use of the privilege.
He was sentenced in a non-public trial on 29 July to 12 years on charges of illegally providing State secrets to foreign entities and intentionally leaking State secrets.
Beijing, May 16 (Petra)-Chinese authorities have formally arrested two Canadians on state secrets charges, the government said Thursday.

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