Staten Island

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Staten Island

(1990 pop. 378,977), 59 sq mi (160 sq km), SE N.Y., in New York Bay, SW of Manhattan, forming Richmond co. of New York state and the borough of Staten Island of New York City. It is separated from New Jersey by Kill Van Kull and Arthur Kill, which are crossed by bridges. Ferries connect the island with Manhattan, and the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge links it with Brooklyn. The hills of NE Staten Island rise to 410 ft (125 m) at Todt Hill, the highest point along the Atlantic coast S of Maine.

The industrial area of Staten Island is located in the north, where docks line the northern and eastern shores. The availability of open space made the island the site of large container-handling facilities, as well as New York City's 3,000-acre (1,215-hectare) Fresh Kills landfill, the largest such facility in the country until it was closed in 2001. Fresh Kills will be redeveloped as park. Centers of trade include St. George (the borough hall) and Port Richmond. Beaches and parks, including part of Gateway National Recreation Area, are found along the southeastern coast.

The island was visited by Henry Hudson in 1609 and was called Staaten Eylandet by the Dutch. The Native population drove off the first white settlers, but by 1661 a permanent settlement had been founded. Though there was considerable industrial activity on Staten Island in the 19th cent., its predominant character was semirural, something which had not changed when it became a borough of New York City in 1898.

The turning point in the island's recent history was the completion of the Verrazzano-Narrows BridgeVerrazzano-Narrows Bridge,
vehicular suspension bridge, New York City, across the Narrows at the entrance to New York harbor, linking the boroughs of Brooklyn and Staten Island. Designed by O. H. Ammann, the bridge was completed in 1964.
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 (1964). Since then Staten Island has had an influx of new residents and industries. Changes in the 1980s in the structure of New York City's government led many Staten Islanders to believe their voting strength was being diminished. In 1993, Staten Island residents voted to secede from the city, but such a move would require state approval. Low-lying coastal areas of the island suffered serious flooding from Hurricane Sandy in 2012.

Among the extant buildings of the 17th, 18th, and 19th cent. is the Billopp, or Conference, House (built before 1688), in which an unsuccessful Revolutionary War peace conference was held in 1776. The Richmondtown Restoration, an example of 18th- and 19th-century life on the island, includes Voorlezer's House (built c.1695). Other points of interest include several old churches, Sailor's Snug Harbor, the Garibaldi Memorial, Fort Wadsworth, the Staten Island Museum, and the Staten Island Zoo. Wagner College, Richmond College of the City Univ. of New York, and a branch of St. John's Univ. are on Staten Island.

Staten Island

an island in SE New York State, in New York Harbor: a borough of New York city; heavy industry. Pop.: 443 728 (2000). Area: 155 sq. km (60 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
It's a truly contemporary workplace in a unique setting, and it shows that Staten Island has the potential to become one of the most desirable office markets in New York.
They forgot about us," Staten Island resident Theresa Connor, 42, told (http://www.
The Staten Island Ferry is the third most popular tourist attraction in New York City and thousands of spectators visit the Richmond County Bank Ballpark each year, according to the statement.
Service was suspended on all of the Staten Island ferries after the accident.
2) Louise Goodrich stands with some of her works at her first big show, at New York's Staten Island Museum, in 1950.
In Staten Island (Figure 2A), a steep rise in the density of dead crows began 2 weeks before the onset of the first human case on July 20 (7), before laboratory confirmation of viral activity.
Until 1898, when Staten Island was incorporated into New York City, it was a sleepy collection of scattered villages and farms (one farm still survives).
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This construction, completed ahead of schedule, will help ensure the bridge remains viable and reliable for the Staten Island motorists who depend on it for years to come," Governor Cuomo said.
Soon, visitors will start to see the Wheel rise up along New York Harbor's iconic skyline and we are thankful to our local Staten Island officials and St.
Staten Island residents say their island is the "forgotten borough" of New York City.
Swimming in chains in Staten Island From the June issue: New Yorkers in a shopping mood may think of Staten Island as a blip on the road to the tax-free bargains in New Jersey's malls, but they're overlooking the borough's status as the city's chain-store champ.

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