Statistical Thermodynamics


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statistical thermodynamics

[stə′tis·tə·kəl ‚thər·mō·dī′nam·iks]

Statistical Thermodynamics

 

A branch of statistical mechanics, equilibrium statistical thermodynamics provides a statistical substantiation of the laws of thermodynamics on the basis of the statistical mechanics of J. W. Gibbs. Equilibrium statistical thermodynamics deals with the calculation of the thermodynamic quantities characterizing a system (thermodynamic potentials, the equation of state) on the basis of the laws governing the interaction between the particles making up the system.

Nonequilibrium statistical thermodynamics provides a statistical substantiation of the thermodynamics of nonequilibrium processes—that is, it provides a statistical basis for the equations of transport of energy, momentum, and mass. Nonequilibrium statistical thermodynamics permits expressions for the transport, or “kinetic,” coefficients in the equations to be obtained on the basis of the laws governing the interaction and motion of the particles in the system.

References in periodicals archive ?
In this spirit, lots of studies are done on statistical thermodynamics of quantum gases [3, 4, 28, 29].
As a key concept in statistical thermodynamics and information theory, entropy has been used as a measure to characterize properties of the topology in complex networks.
Among the topics are entropy in the realm of chemical reactions, the thermodynamics of phase change, fields and internal degrees of freedom, critical phenomena and configurational heat capacity, nonlinear thermodynamics, and elements of statistical thermodynamics. ([umlaut] Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR)
The topics include fluctuation relations and the foundations of statistical thermodynamics, measuring out-of-equilibrium fluctuations, Maxwell's demon in non-equilibrium dynamics, time-reversal symmetry relations for currents in quantum and stochastic non-equilibrium systems, anomalous thermal transport in nanostructures, and a large-deviation approach to non-equilibrium systems.
In his most productive period, 1901-1909, Einstein published 28 papers, of which 16 were related to statistical thermodynamics. In his first derivation of the conversion of entropy and temperature in 1907, Einstein noted that the pressure and volume in the rest frame comoving with the object (denoted by subscript o) and those in the stationary frame satisfy
The notion that in this lowest energy state, the kinetic energy is still above zero, is one of the great insights of modern statistical thermodynamics. (14) When the temperature is positive, the system can sample the available microscopic energy states, and an equilibrium state includes a distribution of microscopic states.
The time evolution of this anisotropic to isotropic transition is modeled on the evolution of a statistical thermodynamics system with particles on a lattice placed in a magnetic field.
An introduction to applied statistical thermodynamics.
Well, it turns out that the same concepts and mathematics used to solve problems in statistical thermodynamics and information theory also can be applied to economic issues, such as the determination of fair CEO salaries," said Venkatasubramanian.
Next, he assumed a faculty position at New York University, where he taught a graduate course on transport processes and conducted research on the statistical thermodynamics of the liquid state and on the viscosity of polymer solutions in good and poor solvents.
Some are based on statistical thermodynamics, while others take the phenomenological approach.

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