Statute of Westminster


Also found in: Dictionary, Legal, Wikipedia.

Westminster, Statute of,

1931, in British imperial history, an act of the British Parliament that gave formal recognition to the autonomy of the dominions of the British Empire and was in effect the founding charter of the British Commonwealth of NationsCommonwealth of Nations,
voluntary association of Great Britain and its dependencies, certain former British dependencies that are now sovereign states and their dependencies, and the associated states (states with full internal government but whose external relations are
..... Click the link for more information.
. It declared that the Commonwealth was a free association of autonomous dominions and Great Britain, bound only by common allegiance to the throne, and specified that the British Parliament might not legislate for the dominions except at their request and subject to their assent and that the dominion legislatures were on an equal footing with that of Great Britain. The statute implemented the work of various meetings of the Imperial ConferenceImperial Conference,
assembly of representatives of the self-governing members of the British Empire, held about every four years until World War II. The meetings prior to 1911—in 1887, 1897, 1902, and 1907—were known as Colonial Conferences, and were chiefly
..... Click the link for more information.
, which had recognized the virtual independence of the dominions that came into being as a result of World War I and the peace settlements thereafter.
References in periodicals archive ?
The copy of the Statute of Westminster on display in the exhibit is a photographic facsimile of the original which is preserved in the House of Lords in London.
The Statute of Westminster gave legal recognition to the independence of the British Dominions, repealing the Colonial Laws Validity Act 1865 and recognizing that "the Parliament of a Dominion has full power to make laws having extra-territorial application.
On the contrary, the fact that the Canadian government requested and consented that the British Parliament extend His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act, 1936 to Canada, using the now defunct section 4 of the Statute of Westminster, indicates that merely assenting to British law was not, and is not, sufficient to change the rules of succession for Canada.
In 1937, amendment was made to the oath of George VI (1936-52) as a result of the Statute of Westminster 1931 (see 1(g)); (62)
Stanley Baldwin was cool towards Empire, abandoning the name altogether in the Statute of Westminster in 1931 and refusing to accept all but the minimum Imperial Preference tariffs put forward by the Dominions at the Ottowa Conference on the economic crisis a year later.
14) The statute of Westminster II (1285) complicated a deserted wife's financial stability.
If such a law had the effect of denying any children access to the throne, the laws of succession would be altered, and according to the second paragraph of the preamble to the Statute of Westminster, the assent of the Canadian parliament and the parliaments of the Commonwealth that recognize Queen Elizabeth II as their head of state would be required.
Francine McKenzie's methodical and well-researched study seeks to revise this traditional perception, arguing firstly that the Commonwealth's two major cornerstones, the Statute of Westminster and the 1932 Ottawa trade agreements, neither enhanced its status as a potential superpower nor instilled greater co-operation.
Canada officially ceased to be a British colony with the passage of the Statute of Westminster in 1931.
The British Parliament has passed the Statute of Westminster, making all its Dominions free and sovereign nations; all that is, except Canada.
World War I and the `new world order' which followed it, not to mention the Statute of Westminster, changed all of that.