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in law, a formal, written enactment by the authorized powers of a state. The term is usually not applied to a written constitutionconstitution,
fundamental principles of government in a nation, either implied in its laws, institutions, and customs, or embodied in one fundamental document or in several.
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 but is restricted to the enactments of a legislature. Statute law is to be distinguished chiefly from common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
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, which may be defined as the body of legal rules derived from judicial decisions and custom. On most of the European continent all (or nearly all) the law is statutory and each field is subsumed by a codecode,
in law, in its widest sense any body of legal rules expressed in fixed and authoritative written form. A statute thus may be termed a code. Codes contrast with customary law (including common law), which is susceptible of various nonbinding formulations, as in the legal
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. In England and the United States, however, common law retains great importance, but with the expansion of government regulation there has been an immense growth in the statute law of those countries. In order to guide the courts many important statutes contain (usually in a preamble) a statement of the abuses that the legislation is intended to cure or of the general legislative intent. Statutes are classified in various ways. Public statutes (e.g., those establishing crimes) are universal in application, while private statutes (e.g., one compensating a named person for injury) are limited. Public statutes may be local, i.e., affecting only part of the area over which the legislature has authority, or general. Statutes that explain or clarify previous enactments or rules of common law are sometimes called declaratory statutes.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(polozhenie), in Soviet law, a normative act that summarizes, codifies, and defines the structure, functions, and competence of a state agency or system of agencies, for example, the Statute on the Supreme Court of the USSR and the General Statute on Ministries of the USSR. Statutes also regulate operational procedures of state agencies and organizations in certain cases—for example, the Statute on the Conduct of Cash Transactions by State, Cooperative, and Public Enterprises, Organizations, and Institutions—as well as all organizational, property, and labor relations pertaining to a specific question, for example, the Statute on Discoveries, Inventions, and Rationalization Proposals.



(1) A provision or regulation that defines the procedures of an organization and the functions of individual national and international organizations, such as the statute of the International Court of Justice (1945).

(2)Regulations that set the legal provisions of such medieval institutions as craft guilds. Valuable historical sources, guild statutes (or charters) consisted of rules based on common law that regulated the activities of guilds.

(3)Any legal regulation, for example, a statute on orders, which defines the procedures for awarding a given order, as well as the order’s description.

(4)Certain legislative acts of Great Britain’s Parliament, such as the Statute of Westminster of 1931, and of the United States Congress.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a. an enactment of a legislative body expressed in a formal document
b. this document
2. a permanent rule made by a body or institution for the government of its internal affairs
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
If the client's declaration does not contain Kaufman language, the board should be advised of the fact that new substantive statutes do not apply to the association and the reasons why.
ACA's brief emphasized that statutes of repose represent important policy choices made by states designed to ensure that designers and manufacturers do not face perverse disincentives to market and improve their products.
Tolling rules for criminal statutes of limitations vary from state to state, but several common tolling provisions deserve mention.
In 1990, the Legislature seemingly removed concurrent wages from the statute. Multiple appeals were rejected until the "right argument" was presented in Vegas v.
One can reasonably argue that without specific reference to subrogation or insurance, the statutes do not and should not apply to a property damage subrogation claim.
Contents Public Laws and Private Laws Commercial Sources of Public Laws (Print Format) The United States Statutes At Large Public Laws, as Amended United States Code Annotated Editions of the United States Code Federal Statutes on the Internet Contacts Author Contact Information This report provides a brief overview of federal statutes and where to find them, both in print and electronically on the Internet.
The practical result is that the legislature can pass a statute, but the executive can, in effect, nullify that law.
2 in those exceptional situations when there is a true conflict between the statutes of different states, that conflict would be resolved by giving effect to neither state's statute to the extent of the conflict.
Schneiderman, Attorney General of New York, et al was the first of several cases to be brought, challenging the constitutionality of the state statutes barring surcharges.
Prosecutions involving child sex abuse in the Archdiocese of Philadelphia provide a striking example of the problem with holding supervisory priests accountable under child-endangerment statutes. Prosecutors from the Philadelphia District Attorney's office sought to hold a supervisory priest, Monseigneur William Lynn, Secretary for Clergy for the Archdiocese of Philadelphia, (11) accountable for his role in the crisis by seeking charges against him for child endangerment.
Two types of statutes of limitation affect corporate taxpayers: (1) statutes of limitation limiting the standard period for tax assessments and taxpayer refund claims, and (2) statutes of limitation extending the standard period for assessments and refund claims when a taxpayer reports changes from a federal tax return examination or on an amended return.