Steam Power Plant

Steam Power Plant

 

a plant designed to convert the heat from the combustion of a fuel into mechanical energy by means of steam. Mechanical energy is generally not the end product of a steam power plant but is transformed by electric generators into electric power, which is then transmitted to consumers; this type of steam power plant is called a steam electric power plant. When steam is produced in an atomic steam-generating plant, the plant is called an atomic power plant or an atomic electric power plant.

Steam power plants consist of one or a group of steam boilers and one or more steam power sources (steam engines or steam turbines) with auxiliary mechanisms, apparatus, and instruments. The simplest steam power plant is the steam power unit, which is composed of a fire-tube boiler on which a piston steam engine is mounted. High-power steam power plants consist of steam boilers and steam turbines with condensing equipment. The modern trend is to design steam power plants in boiler-turbine units (with power ratings of 300 megawatts or more) that are not interconnected for steam and water. This makes it possible to use short steam pipes with a minimum number of fittings, which is very important with high steam parameters (pressure to 24 meganewtons per sq m [240 kilograms-force per sq cm]) and temperatures of 570°C and above. Some of the steam generated in a steam power plant is often used for domestic or industrial purposes, such as heating, cooking, and drying. Steam power plants are used on riverboats and oceangoing vessels (steamships), as well as in railroad transportation (steam locomotives) and, occasionally, in steam automobiles.

S. M. LOSEV

References in classic literature ?
There was a great steam power plant and an electricity plant.
The newly established RMC will support O&M by monitoring the overall status of power plants, focusing on the boilers and steam turbines in a steam power plant, and coal gasifiers in IGCC plants.
With Siemens reporting it will supply key components for the Attarat steam power plant, the Attarat facility will supply enough electricity to cover up to 15% of the country's annual power demand.
This can reduce fuel consumption by 4,400 tons of coal per year with the same MW of output in a single steam power plant.
He added that the minister has also reviewed the latest developments in the Suez steam power plant project, which has a capacity of 650 MW.
Coalition warplanes repeatedly struck two compounds housing the families of workers at the Mokha Steam Power Plant, it added.
Jeha revealed that GSW is currently implementing a Saipem-Aramco JIGCC contract entailing 31,000 tonnes of structural steel and a contract of Hyundai-Heavy Industries for the Shuqaiq steam power plant (SEC) involving 11,200 tonnes of structural steel.
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750 mega watt for each unit and El-Ayat steam power plant with a capacity of
Al Khobar: Saudi Arabian utility Marafiq has invited international firms to bid to build a $1.5 billion, 850 megawatt steam power plant in the Red Sea port of Yanbu.
The new 1,200MW steam power plant will be constructed adjacent to an existing plant.
It has also signed an agreement for a multi-billion-riyal turnkey contract to build a new 1,200 megawatt steam power plant.