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Rulers of Serbia. The most important are the following:

Stefan Nemanja. Born 1113 or 1114; died 1200. Grand zupan from approximately 1170 to 1196. Founder of the Serbian state and the Nemanja dynasty.

Stefan Nemanja, in his domestic policy, favored strengthening the feudal order and was supported by the Orthodox Church. He united a significant part of Serbia into a single kingdom. In 1190, after a number of confrontations with Byzantium (principally in 1172 and 1183), he obtained Byzantium’s official recognition of Serbian independence. In 1196, Stefan Nemanja took monastic vows and transferred his authority to his son, Stefan Prvovenčani.

Stefan Prvovenčani (First-crowned). Date of birth unknown; died Sept. 24,1227. Grand župan from 1196; king from 1217.

Stefan Prvovenčani maintained his father’s policies, waging constant battles against various groups of feudal lords. He also waged wars against Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Latin Empire. Stefan received the title of king from the Roman pope and in 1219 was crowned according to Orthodox rite. He was the author of a biography of Stefan Nemanja (1216).

Stefan Uroš III Dečanski. Born circa 1285; died Nov. 11,1331. King from 1321. Son of King Milutin.

Stefan received the name Deéanski after the Dečani Monastery, which he founded in 1328. After defeating the Bulgarian tsar Mikhail Shishman at Velbuzhd in July 1330, he made Serbia one of the strongest Balkan kingdoms. Stefan Uroš was overthrown by his son Stefan Dušan and was killed soon afterward.

Stefan Dušan. Born circa 1308; died Dec. 20, 1355. King from 1331; emperor from 1345.

As a result of protracted wars against Byzantium, Stefan Dušan won several territories and created an extensive Serbo-Greek kingdom, which, however, did not include the important Serbian regions of Hum and Macva. In late 1345, Stefan Dušan named as patriarch the Serbian archbishop and had himself crowned emperor of the Serbs and Greeks. In 1349 he put forth the Code of Stefan Dušan, which strengthened the feudal order.

Stefan Lazarević. Born circa 1377; died July 19, 1427. Prince from 1389; despot from 1402. Son of Prince Lazar.

Stefan Lazarević was a vassal of the Turkish sultan, but he attempted to strengthen central authority and unite Serbia. In or der to liberate Serbia from Turkey, he concluded a treaty with the king of Hungary, from whom he obtained a concession for Belgrade in return for the de facto recognition of a Hungarian protectorate over Serbia. He made Belgrade the capital of the country and extended his holdings to the Sava and Danube rivers and the Adriatic Sea.


References in periodicals archive ?
Now, after 14,600 matches, Stefan has fallen in love with former X Factor singer Natasha Boon, 27, who he met through a mutual pal.
Stefan said: "People use modern technology to find love but Natasha and I just have that natural chemistry, so it was nice to have met her the old fashioned way.
While the sex was something they both seemed to enjoy, despite pretending they didn't, seducing Stefan is part of a plot Gabi has concocted with Brady (Eric Martsolf) to help split Chloe and Stefan up and give her a chance to get more revenge on him than she did the first time.
David Shook was shocked to find Stefan was a match for both Kingsley and Vanessa.
Stefan led VTS Videotechnik Selhuber GmbH as Managing Director.
With the appointment of Stefan Thulin, Luscher Technologies AG has made a perfect complement, according to Urs Bachofner, Vice President Sales and Marketing.
Chef Stefan spent the early part of his career travelling the world, and in his visits to more than 65 countries, acquired a deep appreciation and knowledge of diverse flavor profiles.
Now aged 17, Stefan is finally looking forward to the future - thanks to the help of ex-Staff Sergeant Wayne Ingram, 46.
The appointment of Stefan Scheiber stands for continuity and accelerated change at Buhler.
In quick succession over the next several days, things only get worse, with threatening phone calls, at home and on campus, Nick being followed and harassed, someone breaking into their home, and his and Stefan's positions at the university, where they have been teaching for 15 years, in jeopardy as well.