Stefan Zeromski

Żeromski, Stefan

 

Born Oct. 14, 1864, in Strawczyn, now Kielce Wojewodztwo; died Nov. 20, 1925, in Warsaw. Polish writer. Son of an impoverished nobleman.

Żeromski’s early works continue the tradition of Polish critical realism. His first short story collections, Stories (1895) and Carrion-crows Will Tear Us Apart (1895), his novellas The Labors of Sisyphus (1897) and The Ray (1897), and his collection Prose Works (1898), depict the social conflicts in the Polish countryside and the contemporary and past national liberation struggle. In his novel Homeless People (1900) and in the trilogy The Struggle With Satan (1916–19), reflecting the Polish intelligentsia’s search for an ideology, Żeromski created the hero that was to characterize his later writings, the rebel and social experimenter. The novels Ashes (1902–03), The Beauty of Life (1912), andFaithful River (1912) and the historical play Sułkowski (1910) portrayed the Polish national liberation struggle of the 19th century. In his journalistic writings of 1905–07, Żeromski supported the revolutionary movement. The defeat of the revolution led him to utopianism and pessimism, as in the novel The Story of a Sin (1980; Russian translation, 1909) and the play Rosa (1909). The novel On the Eve of Spring (1924; Russian translation, 1925), in which “independent” bourgeois Poland was sharply criticized, reflects Żeromski’s disenchantment with Utopian ideals and his rapprochement with the revolutionary movement.

WORKS

Pisma, vols. 1–23, 26. Warsaw, 1947–56.
Dzieła, vols. 1–25, Warsaw, 1956–63.
Dzienniki, vols. 1–7, 2d ed. Warsaw, 1963–70.
In Russian translation:
Izbr. soch., vols. 1–4. Moscow, 1957–58.

REFERENCES

Vitt, V. V. Stefan Żhemmskii. Moscow, 1961.
Hutnikiewicz, A. Stefan Żeromski, 5th ed. Warsaw, 1967.
S. Żeromski: Kalendarz vcia i twórczośći. Kraków, 1961.

V. A. KHOREV

References in periodicals archive ?
Stefan Zeromski's allegorical last novel, The Coming Spring [PrzedwioSnie, 1925], asks a series of questions about how to define a home and build a nation.
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Tampoco es carente de importancia el papel que, desde hace casi cinco decadas, he procurado desempenar dentro del cine polaco, al transportar sucesivamente a la pantalla grande algunas de las obras clasicas de nuestra literatura, como Cenizas, de Stefan Zeromski; La boda, de Stanislaw Wyspianski; Caso Danton, de Przybyszewska, o Don Tadeusz, de Adam Mickiewicz.
Stefan Zeromski's benchmark novel of early 20th century Polish resistance and national identity is given the big-budget meller treatment in director Filip Bajon's "The Spring to Come," latest in a string of period epics to rake in local coin.
Other writers included the peasant poet Jan Kasprowicz, who established a tonic poetic meter that became the characteristic rhythm of modern Polish poetry, and the novelists Stefan Zeromski, Wladyslaw Stanislaw Reymont, and Karol Irzykowski.
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Stefan zeromski in nowa wies by building a drainage pipeline (storm water drainage) in a road lane on the section from the s4 well to the outlet to the receiver (mlynwka halatka).
" the loan will be used to finance three investments: 1) execution of construction and assembly works related to thermo-modernization and reconstruction of the primary school building stefan zeromski in jastrzebia gora at ul.