Sture

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Sture

(stü`rə), noble family that played a leading role in Sweden in the 15th and 16th cent. Sten Sture, the elder, c.1440–1503, was chosen regent in 1470. In the battle of Brunkeberg (1471) he defeated a Danish force sent by King Christian IChristian I
, 1426–81, king of Denmark (1448–81), Norway (1450–81), and Sweden (1457–64), count of Oldenburg, and founder of the Oldenburg dynasty of Danish kings.
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. The victory gave hope for permanent Swedish independence, but in 1497 Sture was forced to resign, and union with Denmark was recognized (see Kalmar UnionKalmar Union,
combination of the three crowns of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, effected at Kalmar, Sweden, by Queen Margaret I in 1397. Because the kingship was elective in all three countries, the union could not be maintained by inheritance.
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). In 1501 he again became regent. He took an active part in founding (1477) the Univ. of Uppsala. A member of a Danish Sture family, Svante Sture, d. 1512, succeeded him as regent. His rule was a period of continual warfare. His son and successor as regent was Sten Sture, the younger, c.1492–1520. He vigorously asserted the principle of the superiority of the state over the church, notably by securing (1517) from the Riksdag the deposition of Archbishop Gustaf Trolle, a member of a rival family. He refused to recognize Christian II of Denmark as king of Sweden. Christian sent a force to relieve the archbishop, who was besieged in his castle, but Sture defeated the Danish army and imprisoned Trolle. Warfare continued, and Sture was killed in battle shortly before Stockholm fell to Christian. As regents, the Stures paved the way for Swedish independence, attained under Gustavus IGustavus I
, 1496–1560, king of Sweden (1523–60), founder of the modern Swedish state and the Vasa dynasty. Known as Gustavus Eriksson before his coronation, he was the son of Erik Johansson, a Swedish senator and follower of the Sture family.
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.

Sture

 

a Swedish noble family of Danish descent whose members were regents of Sweden in the second half of the 15th century and in the early 16th. The policy of the Stures was aimed at uniting the country under a central authority, permanently dissolving the Union of Kalmar, and restoring Swedish national statehood.

Sten Sture the Elder. Born circa 1440; died Dec. 14, 1503, in Jónkóping. Regent from 1471 to 1497 and from 1501 to 1503. On Oct. 10,1471, an army under Sture’s command defeated the mercenary army of the Danish king Christian I at Brunkeberg, near Stockholm.

Sten Sture the Younger. Born circa 1492; died February 1520, at Lake Åsunden in southwestern Sweden. Regent from 1512 to 1520. Sture was killed in a battle against the Danish king Christian II, who was seeking by force to reestablish the Union of Kalmar.

References in periodicals archive ?
Their leader, Sten Sture the Younger, was mortally wounded and would die on the road to Stockholm.
Along with the bodies of the executed were burned the exhumed remains of Sten Sture the Elder, a particularly revered Swedish leader whose victory over the Danes at the battle of Brunkeberg in 1471 had prevented the Danes from taking possession of the Kingdom of Sweden.
The first five of the small illustrations relate the events of Stockholm's Bloodbath: the coronation feast and tournament, the seizing of the guests at the table, the execution, the dragging of the bodies to Sodermalm and the opening of Sten Sture's tomb, and finally the burning of the corpses.
In fact, Kristian's verdict against his dinner party guests, all of whom were loosely associated with Sten Sture, was never confirmed or accepted by an ecclesiastical court.