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Stendal(shtĕn`däl), city (1994 pop. 47,252), Saxony-Anhalt, N central Germany, on the Uchte River. It is a major rail junction and has sugar refineries, metalworks, food canneries, and chemical factories. Stendal was founded in 1151 by Albert the Bear. From 1258 to 1309 it was the seat of the elder line of the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg. The city joined the Hanseatic League c.1350. Among the numerous noteworthy structures of Stendal are the basilica (founded 1188), the city gates (13th–15th cent.), and the city hall (15th cent.). Johann Winckelmann, the archaeologist and historian, was born (1717) there, and Marie Henri Beyle (1783–1842), the French author, took his pen name (Stendhal) from the city.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a city in the German Democratic Republic, in Magdeburg District. Situated on the Uchte River. Population, 39,000 (1974). A major railroad junction, Stendal has enterprises of the food-processing and metalworking industries.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.