Stenohaline Animal

Stenohaline Animal

 

an aquatic animal that is incapable of surviving significant fluctuations in salinity. Stenohaline animals include the overwhelming majority of marine and freshwater animals, as well as some brackish-water inhabitants. Animals able to live in waters of a wide range of salinity are said to be euryhaline.

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These crabs, unable to withstand a great extent of salinity fluctuations, are thus stenohaline animals. They share this feature with other species of decapods whose habitat is most often restricted to seawater, for example, the Majidae, the Cancridae, and the Calappidae (review in Mantel and Farmer, 1983; Pequeux, 1995).