Stenotype Machine


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Stenotype Machine

 

a typewriter for recording shorthand that uses standard printed letters and combinations of two or more letters, known as accords, instead of specialized shorthand signs. When a key is struck or several are struck simultaneously, the stenotype machinetypes letters on a strip of paper several cm in width; only one letter or one accord is printed on each line.

For purposes of speed, the keyboard of the stenotype machine has a limited set of letters. Letters for which there are no keys are represented by accords, for example, the letter B is represented by VM, and the letter Sh by TVM. The recording speed of stenotype machines reaches 120 words and more a minute. By eliminating the problem of individual differences in handwritten shorthand, the use of printed letters enables any trained person to transcribe the recorded material accurately.

Stenotype machines are not in wide use. With the development of magnetic recording and, in particular, with the invention of dictaphones, the manufacture of stenotype machines ceased in the 1950’s.

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Court reporters and captioners save their special spellings and abbreviations in a dictionary on their personal computers and download them into their stenotype machines.
These captions are typed into an electric stenotype machine, similar to those used in courtrooms.
At $795, the Gemini system is far less expensive than a traditional stenotype machine, and Gemini includes all required software for a PC-compatible computer running MS-DOS.
She laughs when it's suggested that magic plays a part in court reporters being able to seemingly randomly hit buttons on the small stenotype machines they use in courtroom settings and spit out perfect transcripts of what just happened.
The report calls for the following measures to be adopted as soon as possible: increase the number of district court judges and judges of other courts of first instance based on the immediate and medium-term needs; create administrative courts of first instance; and, introduce stenotype machines to keep a full record of all court proceedings.
The first stenotype machines were contemporary with the first typewriters in the 1870s, but machine stenography was not widely employed in courts or legal settings until the 1920s.
Court reporters provide the expertise and the equipment - stenotype machines, photocopiers, computers - at their own expense, Redlich said.
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