Stefan Lochner

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Lochner, Stefan

 

Born circa 1410, possibly in Meersburg, Baden; died in 1451 in Cologne. German painter.

Lochner, who started painting in Cologne in the early 1430’s, was influenced by the 15th-century Flemish masters (particularly Robert Campin). In his paintings the rich colors of his palette combine harmoniously with a golden background. The artist’s ability to render the materiality and poetic beauty of the real world is effectively combined with a Late Gothic spiritualization of images. Examples of Lochner’s works are the altarpiece The Adoration of the Magi (c. 1440, Cologne Cathedral), Madonna of the Rose Bower (1440’s, Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne), The Day of Judgment (c. 1435, Wallraf-Richartz Museum), and Presentation in the Temple (1447, Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt).

REFERENCES

Forster, O. Stefan Lochner…. Frankfurt am Main, 1938.
Stange, A. Kritisches Verzeichnis der deutschen Tafelbilder vor Dürer, vol. 1. [Munich, 1967.]
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In addition to the already mentioned essays by Vaughan and Ottmann, Paolo Chiarini's piece on '"Alte Meister" in klassisch-romantischem Kontext: Goethe, Friedrich Schlegel and die "Deutsche Renaissance"' illuminates the differing artistic and ideological agendas that Schlegel and Goethe pursued in their evaluations of paintings by artists such as Stephan Lochner and Albrecht Altdorfer, while Nicholas Boyle provides a masterly discussion of 'Goethe's Later Cycles of Drawings' in their literary, biographical, and social contexts.
Contents: David Bomford, "Introduction"; Ashok Roy, Joe Kirby, and Marika Spring, "The Materials of Underdrawing"; Susan Foister, and Lorne Campbell, "The Artists of 'The North': their Drawings and Underdrawings"; Carol Plazzotta and Jill Dunkerton, "Drawing and Design in Italian Renaissance Painting"; Susan Foister, "Stephan Lochner: Saints Matthew, Catherine of Alexandria ana' John the Evangelista"; Jill Dunketton, "Cosimo Tura: SaintJerome" and "Carlo Crivelli: The Dead Christ supported by Two Angels"; Lorne Campbell, "Hans Memling: A Young Man at Prayer" and "Master of the View Of St.
At least two of the Damned are tonsured monks, although Memlinc is more respectful to the clergy than Stephan Lochner, who consigns to his Underworld a bishop, a cardinal and a pope.
In this early, divided picture Memlinc was drawn in opposing directions and settled, conforming to his own nature, for peace and Stephan Lochner rather than turbulence and Rogier van der Weyden.