Stéphane Mallarmé

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Related to Stephane Mallarme: Paul Verlaine, Charles Baudelaire

Mallarmé, Stéphane

 

Born Mar. 18, 1842, in Paris; died Sept. 9, 1898, in Valvins, department of Seine-et-Marne. French poet.

The son of a civil servant, Mallarmé became a teacher of English in 1863. After first modeling his verse on C. Baudelaire and the Parnassians, Mallarmé became one of the leading poets of French symbolism in the 1870’s and 1880’s. Despite his democratic attitudes, dissatisfaction with bourgeois reality, search for an ideal (poems of the 1860’s-1870’s, such as “Azure,” “Windows,” “The Wind From the Sea”), and readiness to evaluate the multicolored beauty of the world impressionistically (“The Afternoon of a Faun,” 1876, to which music was written by C. Debussy, 1892), Mallarmé arrived at a tragic conception about the split between poetry and life (“The Swan,” 1885). He came to the idea of an extremely hermetic poetry (Prose for des Esseintes, 1885) that would convey the pure idea by means of symbols alone (the article “Mystery in Poetry,” 1896). Bourgeois critics saw Mallarmé only as a symbolist and aesthete. However, Mallarme was also attracted to the real (Occasional Poems, 1880-98; published, 1920) and to comprehensive classical forms of poetry.

The essence of Mallarmé’s poetry is contained in the narrative poem “A Cast of the Die” (1897), a merciless, self-critical summary of the attempts of symbolist poetry to rise above reality; the poem turns to those abstract and metaphorical forms of realistic reflection of the objective world that in the 20th century came to be characteristic of G. Apollinaire, V. Nezval, P. Neruda, and French poetry of the Resistance and subsequent period.

WORKS

Oeuvres complètes. Edited by H. Mondor and G. Jean-Aubry. Paris, 1956. (With bibliography.)
In Russian translation:
[Verse.] In Voloshin, M. Stikhotvoreniia 1900-1910. Moscow, 1910.
[Verse.] In Briusov, V. Poln. sobr. soch. i perevodov, vol. 21. St. Petersburg, 1913.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.
Verlaine, P. Les Poètes maudits. Paris, 1884.
Royère, J. Mallarmé. Paris, 1927.
Mondor, H. Vie de Mallarmé. Paris, 1941.
Roulet, C. Eléments de poétique mallarméenne … . Neuchatel [1947].
Dujardin, E. Mallarmé par l’un des siens. Paris, 1952.
Aragon, L. Journal d’une poésie nationale. Lyon, 1954.
Piselli, F. Mallarmé e l’estetica. [Milan, 1969.]

N. I. BALASHOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Les conversations merveilleuses de Stephane Mallarme n'ont pas ete notees par ses amis et nous devons tenir cette perte pour capitale; on pourra sourire si je dis ici, faisant appel a mes souvenirs d'intime familier, que souvent ses amis et moi, a l'issue d'une causerie lumineuse et inspiree par le genie, nous deplorames de n'avoir pas imite les disciples de Socrate perpetuant la parole de leur maitre.
Trata-se de O centenario de Stephane Mallarme (1954), conferencia proferida na Academia Brasileira de Letras:
In die Lig van die behoefte aan die bepaling van 'n toepaslike visie waarvolgens die kunsboek meer eksplisiet, ook teoreties, ondersoek kan word, ondersoek hierdie artikel Stephane Mallarme en Marcel Broodthaers se Un coup de des publikasies, Buzz Spector se simplifiserende Marcel Broodthaers, Ulises Carrion se For fans and scholars alike, en Helen Douglas en Telfer Stokes se Real fiction.
Poesie e prose di Stephane Mallarme (Milano: Garzanti, 1992) 402.
Looking forward sixteen years, we find Stephane Mallarme at the centre of an equally compelling intertextual occasion in Duncan's writing.
She places Fuller among leading luminaries like Auguste Rodin, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and Stephane Mallarme.
Mary Ann Caws, Distinguished Professor of Comparative Literature, English, and French at the Graduate School of the City University of New York, is a well-known translator of such surrealist and modernist French writers as Andre Breton, Rene Char, Stephane Mallarme, and author of many works on twentieth century avant-garde literature and creative perception, with particular emphasis on the intertextuality of art and poetry.
The purpose of this review is the reverse: not to center on the material subject matter of the book-coming to mind in Caws' posthumous dialog with Stephane Mallarme and other poets from the past, such as Federico Garcia Lorca, Charles Baudelaire, Luis de Gongora, Marcel Proust, Andre Gide, Ezra Pound, Samuel Beckett, Guillaume Apollinaire, Paul Celan, Yves Bonnefoy, and argued by the examples from a wide variety of texts and languages to prove her surprises.
With 126 artists' books created between 1874 and 1999, the exhibition traces the development of book art from the first collaborations of Stephane Mallarme and Edouard Manet through the elaborate collages of Michel Butor and Bertrand Dorny.
The trio turned its attentions to Ravel in the second half with Trois Poemes de Stephane Mallarme, before driving hard on the home stretch with more Wheeler, Garland and Simcock.
180), but especially the sense of sound, Alfred Tennyson early in life pondered the mystery of his name's sound, and Stephane Mallarme, the elliptical suggestor, found the epitome of the admired English poet's meaning in the reverberation of that sound through posterity.
Everything in the world is made to result in a book," wrote Stephane Mallarme.