Stephen Gerald Breyer

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Breyer, Stephen Gerald

(brī`ər), 1938–, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1994–), b. San Francisco. A graduate of Stanford, Oxford, and Harvard Law School (1964), he clerked (1964–65) for Supreme Court Justice Arthur GoldbergGoldberg, Arthur,
1908–90, American labor lawyer and jurist, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1962–65), b. Chicago. He received his law degree from Northwestern Univ. in 1929.
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, then worked for the Justice Dept. and as chief counsel to the Senate Judiciary Committee. In 1980 President Carter appointed him to the First Circuit Court of Appeals, in Boston, where he became chief judge. In the 1980s Breyer was a prominent member of the commission that drafted new federal sentencing guidelines. In 1994, when Harry BlackmunBlackmun, Harry Andrew
, 1908–99, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1970–94), b. Nashville, Ill. Educated at Harvard, he practiced law privately, was general counsel to the Mayo Clinic (1950–59), then became a federal circuit court judge.
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 retired from the U.S. Supreme Court, Breyer was nominated by President Clinton to replace him. Though Breyer is regarded as a cautious, moderate jurist and a firm believer in judicial restraint, he has been one of the more liberal members on a Court that has grown increasinly conservative since the 1990s. He has written Active Liberty: Interpreting Our Democratic Constitution (2005), which argues that the intent of the U.S. constitution is to facilitate the citizens' ability to govern themselves effectively while protecting individual liberties, and that a judicial approach that seeks to be faithful to the original intent of the constitution by focusing on its words alone risks being unfaithful to the document's purpose. He is also the author of Making Our Democracy Work: A Judge's View (2010), which calls for jurists to be cooperative partners with Congress, the president, and other official practitioners of self-government while still fulfilling their roles as guardians of constitutional liberties. In a third book, The Court and the World: American Law and the New Global Realities (2015), Breyer argues that in an era of increased global interconnectedness, in many cases the Court must understand and take into consideration not just the American Constitution and American legal precedents but also foreign and international law.
References in periodicals archive ?
Justice Stephen Breyer, joined by Justice Elena Kagan, agreed with the high court's conclusion but rejected some of the reasoning of the majority.
Justice Stephen Breyer noted that if the beneficiary is still living in North Carolina when she receives distributions from the trust, the state would unquestionably be free to tax those distributions at that time.
Justice Stephen Breyer, in a dissent he read aloud in court, said that the larger importance of the case has to do with the power his colleagues' ruling gives the government.
Justice Stephen Breyer, to the laughter of his colleagues, even goaded Fisher into claiming it would be constitutional to seize any car going five miles over the speed limit.
Liberal Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen Breyer, Elena Kagan and Sonia Sotomayor said they would have kept the injunctions in place blocking the policy.
Justice Stephen Breyer offered the most comprehensive dissent.
At the Paris Peace Forum, Justice Stephen Breyer made a strong impression.
Wu spent time as a Google fellow and was also a law clerk for Judge Richard Posner and Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer.
WASHINGTON -- Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer delivered harsh criticism of the death penalty Dec.
Three judges who voted to legalize same-sex marriage Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Anthony Kennedy and Stephen Breyer are 83, 80 and 78, respectively.
In a majority opinion authored by Justice Stephen Breyer, the court indicated the two requirements provided "few, if any, health benefits for women," posed a "substantial obstacle to women seeking abortions" and placed an undue burden on the constitutional right to obtain an abortion.
The Court and the World: American Law and the New Global Realities, by Stephen Breyer. Alfred A.