Stephen Langton

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Langton, Stephen,

c.1155–1228, English prelate, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was educated at Paris. Innocent III named him cardinal in 1206, and he became archbishop of Canterbury the following year. The opposition of King JohnJohn,
1167–1216, king of England (1199–1216), son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Early Life

The king's youngest son, John was left out of Henry's original division of territory among his sons and was nicknamed John Lackland.
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 prevented his occupation of the see until 1213. He acted with the barons in securing the Magna Carta and opposed the papal legate, PandulfPandulf
, Ital. Pandolfo, d. 1226, Italian churchman. He was first sent to England in 1211 by Pope Innocent III on an unsuccessful mission to settle the pope's dispute with King John.
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. Because of his continued opposition to John after the reconciliation of pope and king, he was suspended as archbishop in 1215 but was restored after the accession of Henry III and continued his efforts to reform church and state. He was a learned and prolific writer, and the present chapter division of the Scriptures is derived from Langton. He probably composed the hymn Veni, sancte spiritus.


See F. M. Powicke, Stephen Langton (1928, repr. 1965); study by P. B. Roberts (1968).

Langton, Stephen


Year of birth unknown; died July 9, 1228, in Slindon, county of Sussex. English church and political figure.

Langton spent 25 years in France, where he was one of the most prominent theologians at the University of Paris. In 1206 he became a cardinal. In 1207, under pressure from Pope Innocent III, he was made archbishop of Canterbury against the wishes of the English King John “Lackland.” Langton’s appointment to the archbishopric precipitated an open conflict between the king and the Pope; Langton was able to assume his post only after their reconciliation in 1213. Langton became one of the leaders of the baronial opposition and took part in the struggle for the Magna Carta.

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Justin Welby said: "Archbishop Stephen Langton was mediator between the king and his barons, counsellor to both and an advocate of civil harmony, cohesion and goodwill.
When Stephen Langton returned from exile to England in 1213, he appointed him his steward, or chief administrative official.
Since the patron at Lambeth was Stephen Langton, archbishop of Canterbury, and Elias of Dereham was Langton's steward and right-hand man, we may see further evidence for Elias as the originator of this particular austere style.
More problematic is Lowe's quest for a distinctively English outlook in such figures as Thomas of Chobham and Stephen Langton.
Rather than restricting herself to pedagogical manuals, had she read the biblical commentaries themselves, such as those of the secular clerics Peter the Chanter and Stephen Langton, she would have discovered a world different from the monastic exegetes.
16) John's resistance to the Pope's choice of Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury provoked the confrontation between London and Rome that lasted from 1207 to 1213.
His bent, like that of Peter the Chanter and Stephen Langton, was for moral applications.
Manager Paul Frame is confident his new-look side is beginning to gel, but Ian Redman, Stephen Langton, Anth Rathbone and Russ Blenkinsop are all sidelined.
Cher, Alexander of Hales, Stephen Langton, Roger Roseth, and Peter of Candia.
Stephen Langton, representing Mr Foster's mother Enid and brother Andrew, claimed a lorry driver witnessed three men "loitering at the property" on the day of the fire.
In 1227, as a result of the prompting of Stephen Langton the Archbishop of Canterbury, Pope Gregory IX had ordered the celebration of St Edward's feast (October 13th) by the English Church.
Stephen Langton in other words could have provided an anti-papist playwright drawing on Holinshed with a way of combining all the elements he needed--all the elements Bale had needed--from John's reign: the feud with the Pope, the hostilities with the French, the rebellion of the nobility.