Stephen Langton


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Langton, Stephen,

c.1155–1228, English prelate, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was educated at Paris. Innocent III named him cardinal in 1206, and he became archbishop of Canterbury the following year. The opposition of King JohnJohn,
1167–1216, king of England (1199–1216), son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Early Life

The king's youngest son, John was left out of Henry's original division of territory among his sons and was nicknamed John Lackland.
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 prevented his occupation of the see until 1213. He acted with the barons in securing the Magna Carta and opposed the papal legate, PandulfPandulf
, Ital. Pandolfo, d. 1226, Italian churchman. He was first sent to England in 1211 by Pope Innocent III on an unsuccessful mission to settle the pope's dispute with King John.
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. Because of his continued opposition to John after the reconciliation of pope and king, he was suspended as archbishop in 1215 but was restored after the accession of Henry III and continued his efforts to reform church and state. He was a learned and prolific writer, and the present chapter division of the Scriptures is derived from Langton. He probably composed the hymn Veni, sancte spiritus.

Bibliography

See F. M. Powicke, Stephen Langton (1928, repr. 1965); study by P. B. Roberts (1968).

Langton, Stephen

 

Year of birth unknown; died July 9, 1228, in Slindon, county of Sussex. English church and political figure.

Langton spent 25 years in France, where he was one of the most prominent theologians at the University of Paris. In 1206 he became a cardinal. In 1207, under pressure from Pope Innocent III, he was made archbishop of Canterbury against the wishes of the English King John “Lackland.” Langton’s appointment to the archbishopric precipitated an open conflict between the king and the Pope; Langton was able to assume his post only after their reconciliation in 1213. Langton became one of the leaders of the baronial opposition and took part in the struggle for the Magna Carta.

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Justin Welby said: "Archbishop Stephen Langton was mediator between the king and his barons, counsellor to both and an advocate of civil harmony, cohesion and goodwill.
Police said they were not aware of the threat but Stephen Langton, representing the Foster family at the inquest, said he could bring a witness to testify that the family had discussed their fears over the letter.
Riccardo Quinto assesses the influence of major figures in the tradition of biblical commentary, including Peter the Chantor and Stephen Langton, while other contributors offer analyses of the oeuvre of major Continental preachers: Nicolaus de Aquaevilla, Jean Gerson, and the most influential of Dutch preachers, Johannes Brugman.
For a generation the scheme had been frustrated by the political and religious upheavals of John's reign (1199-1216), which included the imposition of the Interdict on England (the suspension of religious services in March 1208, following John's refusal to accept the pope's choice of Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury) and the king's excommunication in 1209.
The barons of England under the leadership of Stephen Langton, archbishop of Canterbury and former Parisian theologian forced (bad) King John (of Robin Hood fame) to sign the famous charter in the early 13th century.
George, under the heading of how the western church replaced "turn the other cheek" with "onward, Christian soldiers." More problematic is Lowe's quest for a distinctively English outlook in such figures as Thomas of Chobham and Stephen Langton. In fact, there were no national schools of thought in medieval just war theorizing.
Rather than restricting herself to pedagogical manuals, had she read the biblical commentaries themselves, such as those of the secular clerics Peter the Chanter and Stephen Langton, she would have discovered a world different from the monastic exegetes.
Not only is it inexplicable, if The Troublesome Raigne derives directly from Holinshed, that an author so committed to what Virginia Mason Carr calls "the drama of propaganda" should take great pains to reshape the chronicle material around the very event most likely to mar the image of John as proto-Protestant hero, and then try to minimize the damage; but it also makes no sense that he should eschew the anti-papal ammunition Holinshed offers.(16) John's resistance to the Pope's choice of Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury provoked the confrontation between London and Rome that lasted from 1207 to 1213.
His bent, like that of Peter the Chanter and Stephen Langton, was for moral applications.
Manager Paul Frame is confident his new-look side is beginning to gel, but Ian Redman, Stephen Langton, Anth Rathbone and Russ Blenkinsop are all sidelined.
Glosses and commentaries by the following thinkers are included: Robert Kilwarby, Thomas Aquinas, Hugh of St.-Cher, Alexander of Hales, Stephen Langton, Roger Roseth, and Peter of Candia.
Presided over by Archbishop Stephen Langton, in the presence of the young Henry III, this was not only a celebration of the saint but an act of national reconciliation after the civil war which had ended King John's reign.