Stephen Langton

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Langton, Stephen,

c.1155–1228, English prelate, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was educated at Paris. Innocent III named him cardinal in 1206, and he became archbishop of Canterbury the following year. The opposition of King JohnJohn,
1167–1216, king of England (1199–1216), son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Early Life

The king's youngest son, John was left out of Henry's original division of territory among his sons and was nicknamed John Lackland.
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 prevented his occupation of the see until 1213. He acted with the barons in securing the Magna Carta and opposed the papal legate, PandulfPandulf
, Ital. Pandolfo, d. 1226, Italian churchman. He was first sent to England in 1211 by Pope Innocent III on an unsuccessful mission to settle the pope's dispute with King John.
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. Because of his continued opposition to John after the reconciliation of pope and king, he was suspended as archbishop in 1215 but was restored after the accession of Henry III and continued his efforts to reform church and state. He was a learned and prolific writer, and the present chapter division of the Scriptures is derived from Langton. He probably composed the hymn Veni, sancte spiritus.


See F. M. Powicke, Stephen Langton (1928, repr. 1965); study by P. B. Roberts (1968).

Langton, Stephen


Year of birth unknown; died July 9, 1228, in Slindon, county of Sussex. English church and political figure.

Langton spent 25 years in France, where he was one of the most prominent theologians at the University of Paris. In 1206 he became a cardinal. In 1207, under pressure from Pope Innocent III, he was made archbishop of Canterbury against the wishes of the English King John “Lackland.” Langton’s appointment to the archbishopric precipitated an open conflict between the king and the Pope; Langton was able to assume his post only after their reconciliation in 1213. Langton became one of the leaders of the baronial opposition and took part in the struggle for the Magna Carta.

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The Stephen Langton Trail A new walking route for 2015, the off-road 16 mile Stephen Langton Trail marks Lincolnas connections with Magna Carta.
In his address to the audience, the Archbishop of Canterbury highlighted how his medieval predecessor Archbishop Stephen Langton played an important role in the Magna Carta, and how archbishops Alphege and Anselm may have lived before the document was drawn up but embodied its principles.
A sampling: the emergence and development of scholarship on medieval Judaeo-Arabic in Spain, loss and recovery of religious knowledge in early Karaite thought, Jewish liturgical divisions of the Torah and the English chapter division of the Vulgate attributed to Stephen Langton, corporal modesty in Judaism and Islam, and ten newly identified fragments of Saadia's commentary on Esther.
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Stephen Langton appointed Executive Director of the Centre
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Police said they were not aware of the threat but Stephen Langton, representing the Foster family at the inquest, said he could bring a witness to testify that the family had discussed their fears over the letter.
Stephen Langton, representing Foster's mother Enid and brother Andrew, claimed a trucker had seen three men "loitering at the property" on the morning of the fire.
The barons of England under the leadership of Stephen Langton, archbishop of Canterbury and former Parisian theologian forced (bad) King John (of Robin Hood fame) to sign the famous charter in the early 13th century.
More problematic is Lowe's quest for a distinctively English outlook in such figures as Thomas of Chobham and Stephen Langton.
Rather than restricting herself to pedagogical manuals, had she read the biblical commentaries themselves, such as those of the secular clerics Peter the Chanter and Stephen Langton, she would have discovered a world different from the monastic exegetes.
Manager Paul Frame is confident his new-look side is beginning to gel, but Ian Redman, Stephen Langton, Anth Rathbone and Russ Blenkinsop are all sidelined.