Steven Spielberg


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Related to Steven Spielberg: James Cameron
Steven Spielberg
Steven Allan Spielberg
Birthday
BirthplaceCincinnati, Ohio, U.S.
NationalityAmerican
Occupation
Filmmaker, businessman
EducationSaratoga (CA) High School

Spielberg, Steven,

1946–, American film director, b. Cincinnati, Ohio. Spielberg began his career as a television director, admired for his understanding portrayal of human character. His film Jaws (1975) was the first to earn more than $100 million, another multimillion dollar earner was Close Enounters of the Third Kind (1977); he surpassed their records first with E.T. (1983) and then with Jurassic Park (1993), which grossed more than $900 million. Spielberg's love of older movies was demonstrated with his serial-inspired trilogy of movies featuring Indiana Jones. Other films, many based on literary works, include The Color Purple (1985), Empire of the Sun (1987), and the widely acclaimed HolocaustHolocaust
, name given to the period of persecution and extermination of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Romani (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and others were also victims of the Holocaust.
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 drama Schindler's List (1993), for which he won an Academy Award.

In 1994, Spielberg, former Disney executive Jeffrey Katzenberg, and recording industry mogul David Geffen formed DreamWorks SKG, a movie studio and entertainment company. Its animation division became a public company from 2004 to 2016, when it was sold, and the live-action division was sold. The DreamWorks name was subsequently licensed by Spielberg for live-action films; since 2015 it has been a brand of Amblin Partners, in which he is a partner.

The director later explored a slave revolt and trial in Amistad (1997) and won his second Academy Award for the realistic World War II drama Saving Private Ryan (1998). He subsequently examined a ghastly future world of neurotic humans and sentient robots (the result of a collaboration with Stanley KubrickKubrick, Stanley
, 1928–99, American film director, writer, and producer, b. New York City. His visually stunning, thematically daring, boldly idiosyncratic, and darkly compelling films generally portray a deeply flawed humanity.
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) in A.I. (2001), for which he also wrote the screenplay, and portrayed another dark future in which crime is detected and stopped before it is committed in the allegory-thriller Minority Report (2002).

Spielberg turned to a more comic vision in his tales of a young imposter and his pursuer in Catch Me If You Can (2002) and of a foreigner stranded in New York's Kennedy airport in The Terminal (2004). Munich (2005) is a tale of Israelis and Palestinians, terrorism and vengeance. The animated Adventures of Tintin (2011) is an interpretation of the HergéHergé,
pseud. of Georges Remi,
1907–83, Belgian cartoonist, creator of the cartoon character Tintin. The boy reporter and his faithful fox terrier Milou (Snowy in English translations) first debuted in a French newspaper in 1929.
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 series, and War Horse (2011) adapted a novel about a boy's beloved horse caught up in the horrors of World War I. Lincoln (2012), acclaimed as one of his finest films, is the story of the adoption of the 13th Amendment, which ended slavery, as well as a study of the president and American politics. Bridge of Spies (2015) is a moody cold war thriller; The Post (2017) chronicles the Pentagon PapersPentagon Papers,
government study of U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia. Commissioned by Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara in June, 1967, the 47-volume, top secret study covered the period from World War II to May, 1968.
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's publication; and Ready Player One (2018) is set in a dystopian future where a corporation seeks to control a virtual reality game and its players. By the early 21st cent., Spielberg had become Hollywood's most famous, influential, and successful mainstream director.

In 1994, Spielberg established the Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education at the Univ. of Southern California, which recorded testimonies by survivors and witnesses of the Holocaust and subsequently has recorded survivors of other genocides. The foundation seeks to understand the causes of genocide and prevent it from happening.

Bibliography

See biography by J. McBride (1997); study by M. Haskell (2017); S. Lacy, dir., Spielberg (documentary, 2017).

Spielberg, Steven

(1947–  ) film director; born in Cincinnati, Ohio. At age 13 he won a contest with a short feature, Escape to Nowhere. He turned to television directing in 1969, and in 1974 he turned out his first feature film, The Sugarland Express. He specialized in films of primeval fears or childlike wonder, such as Jaws (1975), Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977), and E.T. (1982). In 1993 he enjoyed spectacular success with Jurassic Park, one of the most popular movies of all time, and Schindler's List, his most respected serious film.
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