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Weinberg, Steven,1933–, American nuclear physicist, b. New York City, Ph.D. Princeton, 1957. Since 1982 he has been a professor at the Univ. of Texas at Austin, having previously been on the faculties of Columbia, the Univ. of California, Berkeley, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Harvard. He helped develop important theories of electromagnetic and nuclear particle interaction that were experimentally verified in 1982–83 when Carlo RubbiaRubbia, Carlo,
1934–, Italian physicist, Ph.D. Univ. of Pisa, 1957. A professor of physics at the Univ. of Rome and later at Harvard, Rubbia did his most important work with Simon van der Meer at CERN.
..... Click the link for more information. and Simon van der Meervan der Meer, Simon,
1925–2011, Dutch physical engineer. He spent nearly his entire career at CERN, where he did his most important work with Carlo Rubbia. They discovered the W and Z particles, which convey the weak force, one of nature's four fundamental forces (see weak
..... Click the link for more information. identified the subatomic particles W and Z. In 1979, Weinberg shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with Abdus SalamSalam, Abdus,
1926–96, Pakistani physicist. After attending Government College at Lahore, he received a Ph.D. from Cambridge (1952). He taught in Lahore for three years before returning to England, first teaching mathematics at Cambridge (1954–57), then moving to
..... Click the link for more information. and Lee GlashowGlashow, Sheldon Lee
, 1932–, American physicist, b. New York City, Ph.D. Harvard, 1959. He became a professor at the Univ. of California at Berkeley in 1961 before moving to Harvard in 1967.
..... Click the link for more information. . Among Weinberg's works are The First Three Minutes: A Modern View of the Origin of the Universe (1977) and Dreams of a Final Theory: The Scientist's Search for the Ultimate Laws of Nature (1993). His To Explain the World: The Discovery of Modern Science (2015) is a personal account of the developments that led to modern science.