Stichaeidae


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Stichaeidae

[stə′kē·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The pricklebacks, a family of perciform fishes in the suborder Blennioidei.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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Key words: anguilliform, Cottiformes, Friday Harbor Labs, Froude efficiency, locomotion, Rock Prickleback, Stichaeidae, swimming mechanics, Xiphister, Zoarcoidei
Several species of the family Stichaeidae, commonly known as pricklebacks, inhabit intertidal areas of the North Pacific, Arctic, and North Atlantic Oceans.
Sayer (2005) noted in his review of adaptations of amphibious fishes for life out of water that most eel-like fishes, including Stichaeidae, use anguilliform locomotion in both aquatic and terrestrial environments.
(1997): 1) cephalopods: squid and octopus; 2) flatfish: Pleuronectidae; 3) forage fish: Pacific herring (Clupea pallasi), Pacific sandlance (Ammodytes hexapterus), eulachon (Thaleichthys pacificus), and capelin (Mallotus villosus); 4) gadids: walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma), Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus), and other Gadidae, 5) hexagrammids: Atka mackerel (Pleurogrammus monopterygius) and other Hexagrammidae; 6) salmon: Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.); and 7) other: rockfish (Sebastes spp.), sculpins (Cottidae), pricklebacks (Stichaeidae), skates (Raja spp.), lamprey (Lampetra spp.), sharks, and other demersal fish.
sculpin (unidentified) 0.37 Stichaeidae prickleback (unidentifed) 0.58 Sebastes crameri darkblotched rockfish 0.02 Hexagrammos stelleri whitespotted greenling 0.17 Lyopsetta exilis slender sole 0.10 Cyclopteridae (Liparidinae) snailfish 0.30 Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus red Irish lord 0.07 Cottidae sculpin (unidentified) 0.25 Gymnocanthus spp.
1997 1998 Family Egg Species type Density FO Density FO Anguillidae Anguilla rostrata -- 0.004 2 Clupeidae Clupea harengus D 0.009 4 0.072 15 Osmeridae Mallotus villosus D 0.022 5 Gadidae Enchelyopus cimbrius P 0.034 11 Gadus morhua P 0.002 1 0.022 5 Microgadus tomcod D 0.007 2 Pollachius virens P 0.007 3 Labridae Tautogolabrus adspersus P 0.007 3 Stichaeidae Lumpenus lampraetiformis D 0.086 23 Ulvaria subbifurcata D 0.462 41 0.014 5 Stichaeus punctatus D 0.014 3 Pholidae Pholis gunnellus D 0.099 27 1.428 75 Cryptacanthodeidae Cryptacanthodes maculatus D 0.054 12 0.294 33 Ammodytidae Ammodytes sp.
Catalog of type specimens of recent fishes in the National Museum of Natural History, 8: Suborder Zoarcoidei (Anarhichadidae, Bathymasteridae, Pholidae, Ptilichthyidae, Scytalinidae, Stichaeidae, Zoarcidae).