Stigmatic Image

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Stigmatic Image

 

an optical image in which each of its points corresponds to a point of the object being imaged by the optical system. Strictly speaking, such a correspondence is possible only in ideal optical systems where all aberrations are absent or have been eliminated and where the wave properties of light, particularly the diffraction of light, are ignored.

In real optical systems the stigmatic image is a useful and widely employed approximation; any real system represents a point not as a point but as a spot or three-dimensional figure of finite, though small, dimensions. In the case of paraxial rays, astigmatism is the principal aberration disrupting the approximate stigmatic nature of the image.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Since M5 is an ellipsoid, a point source (pinhole) placed at one of the mirror's foci produces a stigmatic image at the other focus.